Human monoclonal antibodies (HuMAb) specific for a 14-kDa perchloric acid-soluble protein (defined as UK114) were produced by somatic fusion of the human-mouse myeloma K6H6/B5 with Epstein-Barr virus-transformed peripheral B lymphocytes from a cancer patient previously treated with UK101 preparations, containing the UK114 protein. Three IgM-secreting clones were selected on the criteria of specificity for the purified UK114 protein immobilized onto plastic and adapted to grow in a serum-free medium. The reactivity of these antibodies showed a broad distribution pattern restricted to fresh tumor tissues and tumor cell lines, mainly of the adenocarcinoma type. None of the normal cells, nonmalignant cell lines, and normal tissues surrounding the neoplastic lesions were reactive. The immunochemical analysis of the target antigens showed that the HuMAb recognize a molecule of 220 kDa selectively expressed by the surface of tumor cells, as well as a cytoplasmic 14-kDa protein. The 220-kDa antigen was different from other tumor-associated antigens with similar molecular mass and, so far, unique. In the presence of human complement, two of three HuMAb are cytotoxic for tumor cells expressing the 220-kDa surface antigen. The tumor specificity and the lytic ability attributed to these HuMAb are promising features for the exploration of future clinical applications.

Identification of a 220-kDa membrane tumor-associated antigen by human anti-UK114 monoclonal antibodies selected from the immunoglobulin repertoire of a cancer patient.

FUNARO, Ada;HORENSTEIN AL;BUSSOLATI, Benedetta;BUSSOLATI, Giovanni
1999

Abstract

Human monoclonal antibodies (HuMAb) specific for a 14-kDa perchloric acid-soluble protein (defined as UK114) were produced by somatic fusion of the human-mouse myeloma K6H6/B5 with Epstein-Barr virus-transformed peripheral B lymphocytes from a cancer patient previously treated with UK101 preparations, containing the UK114 protein. Three IgM-secreting clones were selected on the criteria of specificity for the purified UK114 protein immobilized onto plastic and adapted to grow in a serum-free medium. The reactivity of these antibodies showed a broad distribution pattern restricted to fresh tumor tissues and tumor cell lines, mainly of the adenocarcinoma type. None of the normal cells, nonmalignant cell lines, and normal tissues surrounding the neoplastic lesions were reactive. The immunochemical analysis of the target antigens showed that the HuMAb recognize a molecule of 220 kDa selectively expressed by the surface of tumor cells, as well as a cytoplasmic 14-kDa protein. The 220-kDa antigen was different from other tumor-associated antigens with similar molecular mass and, so far, unique. In the presence of human complement, two of three HuMAb are cytotoxic for tumor cells expressing the 220-kDa surface antigen. The tumor specificity and the lytic ability attributed to these HuMAb are promising features for the exploration of future clinical applications.
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441
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tumor marker; human antibody; membrane antigen
FUNARO A; HORENSTEIN AL; GHISOLFI G; B. BUSSOLATI; BARTORELLI A; BUSSOLATI G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/42345
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