4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a product of lipid peroxidation, inhibits proliferation of several tumor cells. The p53 tumor suppressor protein plays a critical role in cell cycle control, by inducing p21 expression, and in apoptosis, by inducing bax expression. Recently, two other proteins with many p53-like properties, TAp73 (p73) and TAp63 (p63), have been discovered. SK-N-BE human neuroblastoma cells express the three p53 family proteins and can be used for the study of their induction. We investigated HNE action in the control of proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in SK-N-BE cells and the HNE effect on the expression of p53, p63, p73, p21, bax, and G1 cyclins. Retinoic acid (RA) was used as a positive control. HNE inhibited cell proliferation without inducing differentiation; it decreased S-phase cells and increased the number of apoptotic cells. RA reduced the proportion of S-phase cells and did not induce apoptosis. HNE increased p53, p73, p63, p21, and bax expression at different time points. HNE reduced cyclin D2 expression and the phosphorylation of pRb protein. Our results demonstrated that HNE inhibits SK-N-BE cell proliferation by increasing the expression of p53 family proteins and p53 target proteins which modulate cell cycle progression and apoptosis.

4-Hydroxynonenal modulation of p53 family gene expression in the SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell line

TAMAGNO, Elena;BRIATORE, FEDERICA;PIZZIMENTI, Stefania;COSTELLI, Paola;DIANZANI, Mario Umberto;DANNI, Oliviero;BARRERA, Giuseppina
2005

Abstract

4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a product of lipid peroxidation, inhibits proliferation of several tumor cells. The p53 tumor suppressor protein plays a critical role in cell cycle control, by inducing p21 expression, and in apoptosis, by inducing bax expression. Recently, two other proteins with many p53-like properties, TAp73 (p73) and TAp63 (p63), have been discovered. SK-N-BE human neuroblastoma cells express the three p53 family proteins and can be used for the study of their induction. We investigated HNE action in the control of proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in SK-N-BE cells and the HNE effect on the expression of p53, p63, p73, p21, bax, and G1 cyclins. Retinoic acid (RA) was used as a positive control. HNE inhibited cell proliferation without inducing differentiation; it decreased S-phase cells and increased the number of apoptotic cells. RA reduced the proportion of S-phase cells and did not induce apoptosis. HNE increased p53, p73, p63, p21, and bax expression at different time points. HNE reduced cyclin D2 expression and the phosphorylation of pRb protein. Our results demonstrated that HNE inhibits SK-N-BE cell proliferation by increasing the expression of p53 family proteins and p53 target proteins which modulate cell cycle progression and apoptosis.
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4-hydroxynonenal; p53; p63; p73; cell growth; apoptosis; SK-N-BE human neuroblastoma cell line; free radicals
LAURORA S; TAMAGNO E; BRIATORE F; BARDINI P; PIZZIMENTI S; TOALDO C; REFFO P; COSTELLI P; DIANZANI MU; DANNI O; BARRERA G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/42431
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