We determined the prevalence of hepatitis C virus markers and the clinical course in patients transplanted for terminal type C or non-A, non-B cirrhosis. Hepatitis C virus infection recurred in 16 of 17 patients (94%) with type C cirrhosis (seropositive for hepatitis C virus prior to surgery) and in 10 of 11 patients (91%) with non-A, non-B cirrhosis whose hepatitis C virus status prior to surgery had not been determined. Markers of hepatitis C virus were detected in 4 of 16 liver transplants whose donors tested negative for hepatitis C virus prior to surgery; this figure represents the risk of hepatitis C virus acquisition from external sources at or after transplantation. In 18 of 26 reinfected patients aminotransferases increased after grafting and remained elevated throughout the 14 to 79 (mean 46.5) months of follow up. The histological findings varied from mild or moderate hepatitis in 15 patients to severe active hepatitis in two patients. Two patients developed cirrhosis; one of them died of intercurrent infection while she was receiving immunosuppressive therapy for chronic rejection. Patients transplanted for hepatitis C virus or non-A, non-B liver disease are at high risk of hepatitis C virus reinfection. However the course of recurrent hepatitis C is most often mild and compatible with a normal life and an excellent survival rate.

Hepatitis type C after orthotopic liver transplantation: reinfection and disease recurrence

SMEDILE, Antonina;ABATE, Maria Lorena;DURAZZO, Marilena;RIZZETTO, Mario
1994

Abstract

We determined the prevalence of hepatitis C virus markers and the clinical course in patients transplanted for terminal type C or non-A, non-B cirrhosis. Hepatitis C virus infection recurred in 16 of 17 patients (94%) with type C cirrhosis (seropositive for hepatitis C virus prior to surgery) and in 10 of 11 patients (91%) with non-A, non-B cirrhosis whose hepatitis C virus status prior to surgery had not been determined. Markers of hepatitis C virus were detected in 4 of 16 liver transplants whose donors tested negative for hepatitis C virus prior to surgery; this figure represents the risk of hepatitis C virus acquisition from external sources at or after transplantation. In 18 of 26 reinfected patients aminotransferases increased after grafting and remained elevated throughout the 14 to 79 (mean 46.5) months of follow up. The histological findings varied from mild or moderate hepatitis in 15 patients to severe active hepatitis in two patients. Two patients developed cirrhosis; one of them died of intercurrent infection while she was receiving immunosuppressive therapy for chronic rejection. Patients transplanted for hepatitis C virus or non-A, non-B liver disease are at high risk of hepatitis C virus reinfection. However the course of recurrent hepatitis C is most often mild and compatible with a normal life and an excellent survival rate.
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A. Marzano; A. Smedile; M. Abate; A. Ottobrelli; M. Brunetto; F. Negro; P. Farci; M. Durazzo; E. David; M. Lagget; G. Verme; F. Bonino; M. Rizzetto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/42988
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