Activation of the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-4 is critical for the differentiation of T-helper 1 cells/type-1 cytotoxic T-cells and the production of interferon (IFN)-gamma. Expression of STAT4, phospho-STAT4, IFN-gamma and T-box expressed in T-cells (T-bet) proteins in bronchial biopsies and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)-derived lymphocytes, obtained from 12 smokers with mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 59 +/- 16% predicted), 14 smokers with normal lung function (FEV1 106 +/- 12% pred) and 12 nonsmoking subjects (FEV1 111 +/- 14% pred), was examined by immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry. In bronchial biopsies of COPD patients, the number of submucosal phospho-STAT4+ cells was increased (240 (22-406) versus 125 (0-492) versus 29 (0-511) cells mm(-2)) when compared with both healthy smokers and control nonsmokers, respectively. In smokers, phospho-STAT4+ cells correlated with the degree of airflow obstruction and the number of IFN-gamma+ cells. Similar results were seen in BAL (2.8 (0.2-5.9) versus 1.03 (0.09-1.6) versus 0.69 (0-2.3) lymphocytes x mL(-1) x 10(3)). In all smokers who underwent lavage, phospho-STAT4+ lymphocytes correlated with airflow obstruction and the number of IFNgamma+ lymphocytes. T-bet expression was not altered in bronchial biopsies and BAL-derived lymphocytes between the three groups. In conclusion, this study suggests that stable mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with an active T-helper 1 cell/type-1 cytotoxic T-cell inflammatory process involving activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 and interferon-gamma production.

STAT4 activation in smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

RICCIARDOLO, Fabio Luigi Massimo;
2004

Abstract

Activation of the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-4 is critical for the differentiation of T-helper 1 cells/type-1 cytotoxic T-cells and the production of interferon (IFN)-gamma. Expression of STAT4, phospho-STAT4, IFN-gamma and T-box expressed in T-cells (T-bet) proteins in bronchial biopsies and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)-derived lymphocytes, obtained from 12 smokers with mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 59 +/- 16% predicted), 14 smokers with normal lung function (FEV1 106 +/- 12% pred) and 12 nonsmoking subjects (FEV1 111 +/- 14% pred), was examined by immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry. In bronchial biopsies of COPD patients, the number of submucosal phospho-STAT4+ cells was increased (240 (22-406) versus 125 (0-492) versus 29 (0-511) cells mm(-2)) when compared with both healthy smokers and control nonsmokers, respectively. In smokers, phospho-STAT4+ cells correlated with the degree of airflow obstruction and the number of IFN-gamma+ cells. Similar results were seen in BAL (2.8 (0.2-5.9) versus 1.03 (0.09-1.6) versus 0.69 (0-2.3) lymphocytes x mL(-1) x 10(3)). In all smokers who underwent lavage, phospho-STAT4+ lymphocytes correlated with airflow obstruction and the number of IFNgamma+ lymphocytes. T-bet expression was not altered in bronchial biopsies and BAL-derived lymphocytes between the three groups. In conclusion, this study suggests that stable mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with an active T-helper 1 cell/type-1 cytotoxic T-cell inflammatory process involving activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 and interferon-gamma production.
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DI STEFANO A; CARAMORI G; CAPELLI A; GNEMMI I; RICCIARDOLO F; OATES T; DONNER CF; CHUNG KF; BARNES PJ; ADCOCK IM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/43448
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