Two acidic H-BEA zeolites having similar Al content but different structural and textural properties were used to prepare two series of BEA samples containing increasing Cs amounts, added by exchange in solution and then impregnation. Whatever the zeolite, the introduction of Cs up to a Cs/Al ratio close to 1 leads to solely exchanged Cs+ ions, indicating that almost all Al are framework atoms giving cationic exchange capacity. At higher Cs contents, Cs-overloading takes place, giving Cs-oxide like species with strong basicity on which carbonates are formed upon adsorption of CO2 as followed by FT-IR spectroscopy. In spite of such comparable behaviours, the two parent BEA act in a strongly different manner toward cationic exchange in solution. This is related to the presence, in the most defective sample, of a distinct type of protons able to protonate NH3 but significantly less acidic than protons on regular tetrahedrally coordinated framework sites, as is shown by FT-IR spectroscopy in presence of CO. These distinct protons are not sensitive to exchange in aqueous solution but they are replaced by Cs+ ions via solid-state exchange in dehydrated conditions. The nature, environment and strength of the two distinct Brønsted acid sites as well as the behaviour of the related framework Al sites upon cationic exchange and hydration/dehydration treatments are described. Consequences on Lewis acidity are discussed.

A FT-IR evidence of two distinct protonic sites in BEA zeolite: consequences on cationic exchange and on acido-basic properties in presence of caesium

MARTRA, Gianmario;COLUCCIA, Salvatore;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Two acidic H-BEA zeolites having similar Al content but different structural and textural properties were used to prepare two series of BEA samples containing increasing Cs amounts, added by exchange in solution and then impregnation. Whatever the zeolite, the introduction of Cs up to a Cs/Al ratio close to 1 leads to solely exchanged Cs+ ions, indicating that almost all Al are framework atoms giving cationic exchange capacity. At higher Cs contents, Cs-overloading takes place, giving Cs-oxide like species with strong basicity on which carbonates are formed upon adsorption of CO2 as followed by FT-IR spectroscopy. In spite of such comparable behaviours, the two parent BEA act in a strongly different manner toward cationic exchange in solution. This is related to the presence, in the most defective sample, of a distinct type of protons able to protonate NH3 but significantly less acidic than protons on regular tetrahedrally coordinated framework sites, as is shown by FT-IR spectroscopy in presence of CO. These distinct protons are not sensitive to exchange in aqueous solution but they are replaced by Cs+ ions via solid-state exchange in dehydrated conditions. The nature, environment and strength of the two distinct Brønsted acid sites as well as the behaviour of the related framework Al sites upon cationic exchange and hydration/dehydration treatments are described. Consequences on Lewis acidity are discussed.
112
10520
10530
BEA zeolite; cationic exchange; caesium; Brønsted and Lewis acidity; Lewis basicity; FT-IR spectroscopy; probe molecules
C. Bisio; G. Martra; S. Coluccia; P. Massiani
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/43463
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