This experimental study aimed to analyse the effects of an aerobic activity intervention delivered by specially trained instructors to a sample of Italian older people living in a residential care facility. We assessed intervention effects on general health perception, perception that one’s health represents a limitation for moderate and heavy physical activity, and positive and negative self-perception. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) was administered at pre-test and post-test to a sample of 22 older people (10 in the control group and 12 in the intervention group) of both genders with an average age of 80.6 years. The findings showed that: (a) the perception that one’s health can limit moderate and heavy physical activity decreased significantly in the older people belonging to the intervention group between pre- and post-test, while it increased in the control group; (b) positive self-perception was found to be stable in the intervention group, while it decreased in the control group; and (c) there was no interaction between group and time with respect to both general health perception and negative self-perception. The exercise programme seemed to have a particularly positive effect on older people’s beliefs about their ability to successfully master the activities of daily living such as walking and moving objects.

The effects of a physical activity programme on the psychological wellbeing of older people in a residential care facility: an experimental study

CIAIRANO, Silvia;RABAGLIETTI, Emanuela;LIUBICICH, Monica Emma
2010

Abstract

This experimental study aimed to analyse the effects of an aerobic activity intervention delivered by specially trained instructors to a sample of Italian older people living in a residential care facility. We assessed intervention effects on general health perception, perception that one’s health represents a limitation for moderate and heavy physical activity, and positive and negative self-perception. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) was administered at pre-test and post-test to a sample of 22 older people (10 in the control group and 12 in the intervention group) of both genders with an average age of 80.6 years. The findings showed that: (a) the perception that one’s health can limit moderate and heavy physical activity decreased significantly in the older people belonging to the intervention group between pre- and post-test, while it increased in the control group; (b) positive self-perception was found to be stable in the intervention group, while it decreased in the control group; and (c) there was no interaction between group and time with respect to both general health perception and negative self-perception. The exercise programme seemed to have a particularly positive effect on older people’s beliefs about their ability to successfully master the activities of daily living such as walking and moving objects.
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609
626
physical activity; older people; health and self-perception; residential care; daily functioning
Ciairano S; Rabaglietti E; Liubicich M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/46942
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