7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) is an abundant environmental contaminant, which undergoes bioactivation, primarily by the CYP1 family, both in liver and extra-hepatic tissues. Dietary acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has been recently reported to inhibit DMBA-mediated mammary tumour formation in rats. Chemopreventive substances may reduce the risk of developing cancer by decreasing metabolic enzymes responsible for generating reactive species (phase I enzymes) and/or increasing phase II enzymes that can deactivate radicals and electrophiles. To test these hypotheses, Sprague-Dawley female rats were orally administered ASA as lysine acetylsalicylate (50 mg per capita/day for 21 days in water), DMBA (10 mg per capita in olive oil on day 7, 14, and 21), ASA and DMBA in combination, and vehicles only, respectively. Six rats for each group were sacrificed on day 8, 15, and 22. The DMBA-mediated increase in hepatic CYP1A expression and related activities was not significantly affected by ASA, which, conversely, enhanced in a time-dependent manner the liver reduced glutathione content (up to 52%) and the activity of NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (up to 34%) in DMBA-treated rats. It is proposed that the positive modulation of the hepatic antioxidant systems by ASA may play a role in the chemoprevention of mammary tumourigenesis induced by DMBA in the female rat.

Time-dependent acetylsalicylic acid effects on liver CYP1A and antioxidant enzymes in a rat model of 7,12dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA)-induced mammarycarcinogenesis

GIROLAMI, Flavia;ABBADESSA, Giuliana;RACCA, Silvia Anna;PICCIONE, Francesca;CARLETTI, Monica;GARDINI, Giulia;DI CARLO, Francesco;NEBBIA, Carlo
2008

Abstract

7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) is an abundant environmental contaminant, which undergoes bioactivation, primarily by the CYP1 family, both in liver and extra-hepatic tissues. Dietary acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has been recently reported to inhibit DMBA-mediated mammary tumour formation in rats. Chemopreventive substances may reduce the risk of developing cancer by decreasing metabolic enzymes responsible for generating reactive species (phase I enzymes) and/or increasing phase II enzymes that can deactivate radicals and electrophiles. To test these hypotheses, Sprague-Dawley female rats were orally administered ASA as lysine acetylsalicylate (50 mg per capita/day for 21 days in water), DMBA (10 mg per capita in olive oil on day 7, 14, and 21), ASA and DMBA in combination, and vehicles only, respectively. Six rats for each group were sacrificed on day 8, 15, and 22. The DMBA-mediated increase in hepatic CYP1A expression and related activities was not significantly affected by ASA, which, conversely, enhanced in a time-dependent manner the liver reduced glutathione content (up to 52%) and the activity of NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (up to 34%) in DMBA-treated rats. It is proposed that the positive modulation of the hepatic antioxidant systems by ASA may play a role in the chemoprevention of mammary tumourigenesis induced by DMBA in the female rat.
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Aspirin; DMBA; CYP1A; NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase; Mammary tumours; Chemopreventive agents
Girolami F; Abbadessa G; Racca S; Spaccamiglio A; Piccione F; Dacasto M; Carletti M; Gardini G; Di Carlo F; Nebbia C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/51984
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