he thermal degradation of cyclodextrins and substituted β-cyclodextrins has been studied. It is found that in inert atmosphere they all decompose in one major step (252-400 °C) leaving a residue (Char) which is thermally quite stable, decomposing at a low rate at higher temperature. Temperature of decomposition, char yield and thermal stability depend on the type of substituent of the cyclodextrin. On heating in air, the first degradation step is not affected whereas the char is oxidized to volatile products below 600 °C apart from the cases of amino and phosphate substituted cyclodextrins, which give a ceramic-like residue stable to above 800 °C. The charring process involves opening of the cyclodextrin rings followed by a chemical evolution similar to that of cellulose with loss of the glucosidic structure and hydroxyl groups and build up of unsaturation, carbonyl groups and aromatic structures. The kinetics and yield of the various processes, as well as the final structure of the char at high temperature, depend on the substituent of the cyclodextrin. Carbon dioxide, water, levoglucosan and furans are the major volatiles evolved from cyclodextrin degradation as from cellulose. Products deriving from substituents show that they do not simply behave as leaving groups but rather take part in the charring. Moreover, the relative amount of CO2 and levoglucosan which are respectively related to competing charring and depolymerization in cellulose, do not relate to the char yield of substituted cyclodextrins.

Thermal degradation of cyclodextrins

TROTTA, Francesco;ZANETTI, Marco;
2000-01-01

Abstract

he thermal degradation of cyclodextrins and substituted β-cyclodextrins has been studied. It is found that in inert atmosphere they all decompose in one major step (252-400 °C) leaving a residue (Char) which is thermally quite stable, decomposing at a low rate at higher temperature. Temperature of decomposition, char yield and thermal stability depend on the type of substituent of the cyclodextrin. On heating in air, the first degradation step is not affected whereas the char is oxidized to volatile products below 600 °C apart from the cases of amino and phosphate substituted cyclodextrins, which give a ceramic-like residue stable to above 800 °C. The charring process involves opening of the cyclodextrin rings followed by a chemical evolution similar to that of cellulose with loss of the glucosidic structure and hydroxyl groups and build up of unsaturation, carbonyl groups and aromatic structures. The kinetics and yield of the various processes, as well as the final structure of the char at high temperature, depend on the substituent of the cyclodextrin. Carbon dioxide, water, levoglucosan and furans are the major volatiles evolved from cyclodextrin degradation as from cellulose. Products deriving from substituents show that they do not simply behave as leaving groups but rather take part in the charring. Moreover, the relative amount of CO2 and levoglucosan which are respectively related to competing charring and depolymerization in cellulose, do not relate to the char yield of substituted cyclodextrins.
2000
69
373
379
Polymer nanocoposites
Trotta F. ;Zanetti M.; Camino G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/56564
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