The results reported in this work show that tightly assembled adducts formed by trisubstituted Gd-III complexes and a beta -CD multimer (Poly-beta -CD, d.p. ca. 12) may represent very interesting candidates for novel MRI applications wherein a high number of paramagnetic ions endowed with high relaxivity (per Gd-III ion) are necessary. The relaxivities found for the paramagnetic adducts represent a remarkable step forward on the relaxivity scale. However, a detailed investigation of the determinants of the relaxation enhancement in these systems shows that their relaxivities are still limited by a nonoptimal tau (R) and a relatively long exchange lifetime of the coordinated water(s). Moreover, the exchange rate of the water molecule(s) coordinated to the Gd-III ion further decreases upon binding to the Poly-beta -CD. It is suggested that this finding is related to the structural properties of the supramolecule, which brings a high density of hydroxyl groups into the proximity of the "guest" complexes, and this yields an overall reinforcement of the hydrogen-bonding network involving the coordinated water(s). On the other hand, such a tight arrangement appears responsible for an enhanced contribution to the observed relaxivity arising from water molecules in the second coordination sphere of the metal center.

High-relaxivity contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging based on multisite interactions between a beta-cyclodextrin oligomer and suitably functionalized Gd-III chelates

AIME, Silvio;BOTTA, Mauro;GIANOLIO, Eliana;TERRENO, Enzo;
2001-01-01

Abstract

The results reported in this work show that tightly assembled adducts formed by trisubstituted Gd-III complexes and a beta -CD multimer (Poly-beta -CD, d.p. ca. 12) may represent very interesting candidates for novel MRI applications wherein a high number of paramagnetic ions endowed with high relaxivity (per Gd-III ion) are necessary. The relaxivities found for the paramagnetic adducts represent a remarkable step forward on the relaxivity scale. However, a detailed investigation of the determinants of the relaxation enhancement in these systems shows that their relaxivities are still limited by a nonoptimal tau (R) and a relatively long exchange lifetime of the coordinated water(s). Moreover, the exchange rate of the water molecule(s) coordinated to the Gd-III ion further decreases upon binding to the Poly-beta -CD. It is suggested that this finding is related to the structural properties of the supramolecule, which brings a high density of hydroxyl groups into the proximity of the "guest" complexes, and this yields an overall reinforcement of the hydrogen-bonding network involving the coordinated water(s). On the other hand, such a tight arrangement appears responsible for an enhanced contribution to the observed relaxivity arising from water molecules in the second coordination sphere of the metal center.
2001
7(24)
5262
5269
Aime S; Botta M; Fedeli F; Gianolio E; Terreno E; Anelli P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/56726
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