The intrinsic low sensitivity of the NMR phenomenon can be overcome thanks to hyperpolarization procedures that break the limits of the Boltzmann equilibrium and may increase the NMR signal by a factor of 105. Hyperpolarization procedures have been applied to enhance the signal from noble gases, such as 3He and 129Xe, and small 13C-containing molecules. For the latter class, attention has been focused on the use of methods based on dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) and para-hydrogen induced polarization (PHIP). After discussion of the basics of the methods, an overview of the main applications with 13C-containing molecules is presented. This includes pre-clinical MR investigations of vascular imaging, perfusion and catheter tracking as well as molecular imaging protocols that allow the development of highly innovative studies in the field of metabolic imaging.

Agents for polarization enhancement in MRI

AIME, Silvio;DASTRU', Walter;GOBETTO, Roberto;SANTELIA, Daniela;VIALE, Alessandra
2008

Abstract

The intrinsic low sensitivity of the NMR phenomenon can be overcome thanks to hyperpolarization procedures that break the limits of the Boltzmann equilibrium and may increase the NMR signal by a factor of 105. Hyperpolarization procedures have been applied to enhance the signal from noble gases, such as 3He and 129Xe, and small 13C-containing molecules. For the latter class, attention has been focused on the use of methods based on dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) and para-hydrogen induced polarization (PHIP). After discussion of the basics of the methods, an overview of the main applications with 13C-containing molecules is presented. This includes pre-clinical MR investigations of vascular imaging, perfusion and catheter tracking as well as molecular imaging protocols that allow the development of highly innovative studies in the field of metabolic imaging.
Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology – Molecular Imaging I
Springer
185/1
247
272
Hyperpolarization
Aime S; Dastrù W; Gobetto R; Santelia D; Viale A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/58645
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