Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) after heart transplantation is a major complication, especially in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Herein we have presented our initial experience with oral sildenafil for RVD following heart transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2006 to February 2008, 10 patients (7 males and 3 females) of overall mean age of 56.7 +/- 9.5 years suffered from acute RVD immediately after heart transplantation. Preoperative hemodynamic data before and after a vasodilatation test (sodium nitroprusside; NTP) showed: systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP) 59.5 +/- 12.9 and 44.2 +/- 12.4 mm Hg; cardiac output (CO) 3.3 +/- 0.9 and 3.7 +/- 0.8 L/min; transpulmonary gradient (TPG) 11.7 +/- 3.9 and 8.7 +/- 3.6 mm Hg; and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) 3.9 +/- 2.1 and 2.4 +/- 1.3 wood units (WU), respectively. All patients required inotropes and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) to be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). RESULTS: Intravenous (IV) or inhaled vasodilators could be weaned using oral sildenafil in all patients. The hemodynamic data obtained during IV or inhaled drugs (between postoperative days 5 and 10) compared with those obtained on sildenafil therapy alone (about 1 month after transplantation) showed a significant decrease in SPAP (39.0 +/- 8.2 vs 32.0 +/- 6.5 mm Hg; P = .049). CONCLUSION: These data suggested that oral sildenafil may have a role in the treatment of RVD after heart transplantation.

Role of oral sildenafil in the treatment of right ventricular dysfunction after heart transplantation

BOFFINI, Massimo;RIBEZZO, MARCO;COMOGLIO, Chiara;RINALDI, Mauro
2009

Abstract

Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) after heart transplantation is a major complication, especially in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Herein we have presented our initial experience with oral sildenafil for RVD following heart transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2006 to February 2008, 10 patients (7 males and 3 females) of overall mean age of 56.7 +/- 9.5 years suffered from acute RVD immediately after heart transplantation. Preoperative hemodynamic data before and after a vasodilatation test (sodium nitroprusside; NTP) showed: systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP) 59.5 +/- 12.9 and 44.2 +/- 12.4 mm Hg; cardiac output (CO) 3.3 +/- 0.9 and 3.7 +/- 0.8 L/min; transpulmonary gradient (TPG) 11.7 +/- 3.9 and 8.7 +/- 3.6 mm Hg; and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) 3.9 +/- 2.1 and 2.4 +/- 1.3 wood units (WU), respectively. All patients required inotropes and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) to be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). RESULTS: Intravenous (IV) or inhaled vasodilators could be weaned using oral sildenafil in all patients. The hemodynamic data obtained during IV or inhaled drugs (between postoperative days 5 and 10) compared with those obtained on sildenafil therapy alone (about 1 month after transplantation) showed a significant decrease in SPAP (39.0 +/- 8.2 vs 32.0 +/- 6.5 mm Hg; P = .049). CONCLUSION: These data suggested that oral sildenafil may have a role in the treatment of RVD after heart transplantation.
TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS
41
4
1353
1356
Boffini M; Sansone F; Ceresa F; Ribezzo M; Patanè F; Comoglio C; Rinaldi M
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
accesso riservato.pdf

non disponibili

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 116.49 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
116.49 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/60784
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact