We prepared a ricin-antibody conjugate, lacking the ability to bind the galactosidic residues of Sepharose 6B, a so-called blocked immunotoxin. The monoclonal antibody AR-3 was cross-linked to ricin through a thioether bond. Further studies showed that the immunoconjugate suppressed the tumour growth of HT-29 cells in intraperitoneally grafted nude mice, without showing any undesirable ricin toxicity. In this work, to demonstrate the therapeutic activity of the AR-3-ricin conjugate injected into mice bearing subcutaneous tumour, we first evalauted its pharmacokinetic behaviour and biodistribution. The behaviour of the immunoconjugate injected intravenously was almost intermediate between that of the antibody and ricin. Moreover, when the immunotoxin was intravenously administered to nude mice bearing subcutaneous tumour, no therapeutic effects appeared, in accordance with the relatively low permeability of the immunotoxin from the blood to the skin. In contrast, peritumoral treatment produced a strong reduction of the neoplastic nodules without substantial regrowth of the malignant cells. This result was also achieved when the immunotoxin treatment was performed on a well-established tumour. This finding was strictly related to the specifcity of the immunoconjugate, since the analogous treatment with an irrelevant immunotoxin showed therapeutic failure.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.