The sorption behaviour of tributyltin (TBT) from reconstituted seawater onto municipal solid waste (MSW) compost was investigated to give first insights into the equilibrium and kinetic behaviour of this process. The rate of adsorption, the influence of pH, and the adsorbate hydrophobicity on the partitioning process were investigated. Adsorption kinetics indicated an initial fast rate of adsorption of TBT followed by a slower rate. The similarity of Freundlich sorption and desorption coefficients for TBT showed that the sorption process is also reversible, similar to that for the adsorption of TBT onto marine sediments. It was found that the adsorption capacity for TBT onto compost was highest at pH 6.7, and for other organotins it increased with increasing adsorbate hydrophobicity, following the trend tripropyltin < TBT < tripentyltin. The use of washed MSW compost as a sorbent for the purification of TBT-contaminated wash waters as generated in large quantities (luring hull cleaning in dry docks is suggested as a mitigatory measure against pollution of the marine environment by TBT. Calculations suggest that modest amounts of compost will likely be required to treat the contaminated wastewaters generated from the Malta dry docks if a multiple batch system is adopted.

Adsorption characteristics of tributyltin on municipal solid waste compost

SAID PULLICINO, DANIEL;
2005

Abstract

The sorption behaviour of tributyltin (TBT) from reconstituted seawater onto municipal solid waste (MSW) compost was investigated to give first insights into the equilibrium and kinetic behaviour of this process. The rate of adsorption, the influence of pH, and the adsorbate hydrophobicity on the partitioning process were investigated. Adsorption kinetics indicated an initial fast rate of adsorption of TBT followed by a slower rate. The similarity of Freundlich sorption and desorption coefficients for TBT showed that the sorption process is also reversible, similar to that for the adsorption of TBT onto marine sediments. It was found that the adsorption capacity for TBT onto compost was highest at pH 6.7, and for other organotins it increased with increasing adsorbate hydrophobicity, following the trend tripropyltin < TBT < tripentyltin. The use of washed MSW compost as a sorbent for the purification of TBT-contaminated wash waters as generated in large quantities (luring hull cleaning in dry docks is suggested as a mitigatory measure against pollution of the marine environment by TBT. Calculations suggest that modest amounts of compost will likely be required to treat the contaminated wastewaters generated from the Malta dry docks if a multiple batch system is adopted.
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719
726
Tributyltin; anti-fouling; municipal waste compost; waste water treatment; adsorption kinetics; pollution; marine environment.
Said-Pullicino D.; Vella A.J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/73288
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