Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known plastic-derived pollutant that can bind to estrogen receptors and is considered an endocrine disrupting chemical. Its impact on different behaviors in rodents has been largely investigated, however, only a few data are available on its effects upon neural circuits. We have here studied the long-term effects of early exposure of mice of both sexes to BPA on the nitrinergic system, one of the neural systems involved in the control of sexual behavior and under the control of gonadal hormones. Mice of both sexes were exposed for 10 prenatal and 8 postnatal days to BPA that was administered to the mothers. The maternally-exposed mice were sacrificed at the age of 2 months and their brains were sectioned and immunohistochemically treated for the detection of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). Significant effects of BPA exposure were detected for the number of immunoreactive cells in the medial preoptic nucleus and in the ventromedial subdivision of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, in a sex-oriented and dose-dependent way. These results indicate that BPA has a powerful effect on specific portions of the nNOS-ir system belonging to the accessory olfactory system that are particularly important for the control of sexual behavior. In addition, they confirm that perinatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, in particular to BPA, may have a high impact on the organization of specific neural pathways that can later affect complex behaviors and functions.

Effects of perinatal administration of bisphenol A on the neuronal nitric oxide synthase expressing system in the hypothalamus and limbic system of CD1 mice

MARTINI, MARIANGELA;MICELI, DESIREE;GOTTI, STEFANO;VIGLIETTI, Carla Maria;PANZICA, Giancarlo
2010

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known plastic-derived pollutant that can bind to estrogen receptors and is considered an endocrine disrupting chemical. Its impact on different behaviors in rodents has been largely investigated, however, only a few data are available on its effects upon neural circuits. We have here studied the long-term effects of early exposure of mice of both sexes to BPA on the nitrinergic system, one of the neural systems involved in the control of sexual behavior and under the control of gonadal hormones. Mice of both sexes were exposed for 10 prenatal and 8 postnatal days to BPA that was administered to the mothers. The maternally-exposed mice were sacrificed at the age of 2 months and their brains were sectioned and immunohistochemically treated for the detection of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). Significant effects of BPA exposure were detected for the number of immunoreactive cells in the medial preoptic nucleus and in the ventromedial subdivision of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, in a sex-oriented and dose-dependent way. These results indicate that BPA has a powerful effect on specific portions of the nNOS-ir system belonging to the accessory olfactory system that are particularly important for the control of sexual behavior. In addition, they confirm that perinatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, in particular to BPA, may have a high impact on the organization of specific neural pathways that can later affect complex behaviors and functions.
22
1004
1012
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20561153
Bisphenol A; Nitric oxide synthase; Hypothalamus; Endocrine disruptors
Martini M; Miceli D; Gotti S; Viglietti-Panzica C; Fissore E; Palanza P; Panzica GC
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/74042
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