Signal transduction events are key modulators of cellular function and, in the cardiovascular system, an emerging role is played by phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks), a family of enzymes containing a 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositide that produce lipid second messengers. In the heart, multiple PI3K isoforms are expressed, but play potentially distinct roles. Among cardiac PI3Ks, PI3Kalpha is triggered by tyrosine kinase receptors and plays a role in adaptive hypertrophy, while PI3Kgamma is triggered by G protein-coupled receptors and is involved in maladaptive heart remodeling. This view has been recently complicated by the finding that PI3Ks can also be involved in protein-protein interactions and affect signaling independently of their kinase activity. This review will thus focus on the effects of these multiple signaling events, with particular emphasis on their involvement in cardiac hypertrophy and failure

PI3K kinase and scaffold functions in heart

DAMILANO, Federico;PERINO, Alessia;HIRSCH, Emilio
2010

Abstract

Signal transduction events are key modulators of cellular function and, in the cardiovascular system, an emerging role is played by phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks), a family of enzymes containing a 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositide that produce lipid second messengers. In the heart, multiple PI3K isoforms are expressed, but play potentially distinct roles. Among cardiac PI3Ks, PI3Kalpha is triggered by tyrosine kinase receptors and plays a role in adaptive hypertrophy, while PI3Kgamma is triggered by G protein-coupled receptors and is involved in maladaptive heart remodeling. This view has been recently complicated by the finding that PI3Ks can also be involved in protein-protein interactions and affect signaling independently of their kinase activity. This review will thus focus on the effects of these multiple signaling events, with particular emphasis on their involvement in cardiac hypertrophy and failure
1188
39
45
heart; heart failure; signal transduction; phosphoinositie 3-kinases
Damilano F; Perino A; Hirsch E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/75111
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