Nitric oxide (NO), a modulator of several physiological processes, is involved in different human sperm functions. We have investigated whether NO may stimulate the motility of human spermatozoa via activation of the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)/cGMP pathway. Sperm samples obtained by masturbation from seventy normozoospermic patients were processed by the swim-up technique. The kinetic parameters of the motile sperm-rich fractions were assessed by computer-assisted sperm analysis. After a 30-90 min incubation, the NO donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) exerted a significant enhancing effect on progressive motility (77, 78 and 78% vs 66, 65 and 62% of the control at the corresponding time), straight linear velocity (44, 49 and 48 μm/s vs 34, 35 and 35.5 μm/s), curvilinear velocity (81, 83 and 84 μm/s vs 68 μm/s) and average path velocity (52, 57 and 54 μm/s vs 40, 42 and 42 μm/s) at 5 µM but not at lower concentrations, and in parallel increased the synthesis of cGMP. A similar effect was obtained with the NO donor spermine NONOate after 30 and 60 min. The GSNO-induced effects on sperm motility were abolished by ODQ (a specific sGC inhibitor) and mimicked by 8-Br-cGMP (a cell-permeating cGMP analog): the treatment with Rp-8-Br-cGMPS (an inhibitor of cGMP-dependent protein kinases) prevented both the GSNO- and the 8-Br-cGMP-induced responses. On the opposite, we did not observe any effect of the cGMP/PKG pathway modulators on the onset of hyperactivated sperm motility. Our results suggest that NO stimulates human sperm motility via the activation of sGC, the subsequent synthesis of cGMP and the activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinases

Nitric oxide stimulates human sperm motility via activation of the cyclic GMP/protein kinase G signaling pathway

MIRAGLIA, ERICA;GAZZANO, Elena;BERTAGNA, Angela Teresa;ALDIERI, Elisabetta;REVELLI, Alberto;GHIGO, Dario Antonio
2011

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO), a modulator of several physiological processes, is involved in different human sperm functions. We have investigated whether NO may stimulate the motility of human spermatozoa via activation of the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)/cGMP pathway. Sperm samples obtained by masturbation from seventy normozoospermic patients were processed by the swim-up technique. The kinetic parameters of the motile sperm-rich fractions were assessed by computer-assisted sperm analysis. After a 30-90 min incubation, the NO donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) exerted a significant enhancing effect on progressive motility (77, 78 and 78% vs 66, 65 and 62% of the control at the corresponding time), straight linear velocity (44, 49 and 48 μm/s vs 34, 35 and 35.5 μm/s), curvilinear velocity (81, 83 and 84 μm/s vs 68 μm/s) and average path velocity (52, 57 and 54 μm/s vs 40, 42 and 42 μm/s) at 5 µM but not at lower concentrations, and in parallel increased the synthesis of cGMP. A similar effect was obtained with the NO donor spermine NONOate after 30 and 60 min. The GSNO-induced effects on sperm motility were abolished by ODQ (a specific sGC inhibitor) and mimicked by 8-Br-cGMP (a cell-permeating cGMP analog): the treatment with Rp-8-Br-cGMPS (an inhibitor of cGMP-dependent protein kinases) prevented both the GSNO- and the 8-Br-cGMP-induced responses. On the opposite, we did not observe any effect of the cGMP/PKG pathway modulators on the onset of hyperactivated sperm motility. Our results suggest that NO stimulates human sperm motility via the activation of sGC, the subsequent synthesis of cGMP and the activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinases
141(1)
47
54
http://www.reproduction-online.org/cgi/reprint/141/1/47
Miraglia E; De Angelis F; Gazzano E; Hassanpour H; Bertagna A; Aldieri E; Revelli A; Ghigo D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/79763
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