BACKGROUND: The poor prognosis of stage IIIb melanoma (5-year survival: 36%) shows the need for effective adjuvant therapy to prolong disease-free survival. OBJECTIVE: The feasibility and efficacy of interferon alfa-2b (IFN-alpha) therapy in stage IIIb melanoma patients was investigated. METHODS: alpha-IFN was given at a dose of 3 MU i.m. three times a week to 50 patients. Clinical and immunological controls were carried out. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 43 months (range 5-84). Median survival was 43 months and median disease-free survival 39 months. Overall 5-year survival (62%) was higher than that reported in the literature to date. A significant increase of circulating CD56+ and DR+ lymphocytes after therapy was more evident in disease-free patients than in those with progressing disease. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant IFN-alpha therapy in stage IIIb melanoma patients is well tolerated and seems to increase survival. However, multicenter randomized trials are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.

Adjuvant therapy of stage IIIb melanoma with interferon alfa-2b: clinical and immunological relevance

FIERRO, Maria Teresa;NOVELLI, Mauro;QUAGLINO, Pietro;BERNENGO, Maria Grazia
1995

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The poor prognosis of stage IIIb melanoma (5-year survival: 36%) shows the need for effective adjuvant therapy to prolong disease-free survival. OBJECTIVE: The feasibility and efficacy of interferon alfa-2b (IFN-alpha) therapy in stage IIIb melanoma patients was investigated. METHODS: alpha-IFN was given at a dose of 3 MU i.m. three times a week to 50 patients. Clinical and immunological controls were carried out. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 43 months (range 5-84). Median survival was 43 months and median disease-free survival 39 months. Overall 5-year survival (62%) was higher than that reported in the literature to date. A significant increase of circulating CD56+ and DR+ lymphocytes after therapy was more evident in disease-free patients than in those with progressing disease. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant IFN-alpha therapy in stage IIIb melanoma patients is well tolerated and seems to increase survival. However, multicenter randomized trials are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.
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DOVEIL GC; FIERRO MT; M. NOVELLI; APPINO A; BERTERO M; QUAGLINO P; BERNENGO MG
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/80934
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