L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs, Cav1) open readily during membrane depolarization and allow Ca2+ to enter the cell. In this way, LTCCs regulate cell excitability and trigger a variety of Ca2+-dependent physiological processes such as: excitation–contraction coupling in muscle cells, gene expression, synaptic plasticity, neuronal differentiation, hormone secretion, and pacemaker activity in heart, neurons, and endocrine cells. Among the two major isoforms of LTCCs expressed in excitable tissues (Cav1.2 and Cav1.3), Cav1.3 appears suitable for supporting a pacemaker current in spontaneously firing cells. It has steep voltage dependence and low threshold of activation and inactivates slowly. Using Cav1.3−/− KO mice and membrane current recording techniques such as the dynamic and the action potential clamp, it has been possible to resolve the time course of Cav1.3 pacemaker currents that regulate the spontaneous firing of dopaminergic neurons and adrenal chromaffin cells. In several cell types,Cav1.3 is selectively coupled to BK channels within membrane nanodomains and controls both the firing frequency and the action potential repolarization phase. Here we review the most critical aspects of Cav1.3 channel gating and its coupling to large conductance BK channels recently discovered in spontaneously firing neurons and neuroendocrine cells with the aim of furnishing a converging view of the role that these two channel types play in the regulation of cell excitability.

Cav1.3 and BK Channels for Timing and Regulating Cell Firing

VANDAEL, DAVID HENRI FRANCOIS;MARCANTONI, Andrea;MAHAPATRA, Satyajit;CARBONE, Emilio
2010

Abstract

L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs, Cav1) open readily during membrane depolarization and allow Ca2+ to enter the cell. In this way, LTCCs regulate cell excitability and trigger a variety of Ca2+-dependent physiological processes such as: excitation–contraction coupling in muscle cells, gene expression, synaptic plasticity, neuronal differentiation, hormone secretion, and pacemaker activity in heart, neurons, and endocrine cells. Among the two major isoforms of LTCCs expressed in excitable tissues (Cav1.2 and Cav1.3), Cav1.3 appears suitable for supporting a pacemaker current in spontaneously firing cells. It has steep voltage dependence and low threshold of activation and inactivates slowly. Using Cav1.3−/− KO mice and membrane current recording techniques such as the dynamic and the action potential clamp, it has been possible to resolve the time course of Cav1.3 pacemaker currents that regulate the spontaneous firing of dopaminergic neurons and adrenal chromaffin cells. In several cell types,Cav1.3 is selectively coupled to BK channels within membrane nanodomains and controls both the firing frequency and the action potential repolarization phase. Here we review the most critical aspects of Cav1.3 channel gating and its coupling to large conductance BK channels recently discovered in spontaneously firing neurons and neuroendocrine cells with the aim of furnishing a converging view of the role that these two channel types play in the regulation of cell excitability.
MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY
42
3
185
198
http://www.personalweb.unito.it/emilio.carbone/
Canali del calcio; currenti pacemaker; canali dl potassio BK; potenziali d'azione spontanei
Vandael DH; Marcantoni A; Mahapatra S; Caro A; Ruth P; Zuccotti A; Knipper M; Carbone E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/81564
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