Two monoclonal antibodies (AB8.28 and A10) reacting with large granular lymphocytes were extensively studied and characterized. The two peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets positive for the expression of AB8.28 and A10 determinants were isolated by cell sorting and the phenotype analyzed using a panel of anti-lymphocyte reagents. Both subsets displayed the characteristics of "null cells." Moreover, these subsets encompassed a significant amount of the natural killer activity, since preparations of peripheral blood lymphocytes deprived of AB8.28+ and A10+ cells showed a remarkable reduction of such activity. The analysis of the distribution of the AB8.28 and A10 epitopes has been carried out using a variety of cells, i.e., normal tissues, tumor cells, established cell lines, and preparations obtained from patients with different leukemic disorders. The structure bearing the epitopes recognized by the two monoclonal antibodies was characterized immunologically (immunoprecipitation, SDS-PAGE analysis, immunomodulation, and competition with other antibodies) and by various functional assays. On the basis of inhibition tests, the AB8.28 molecule seems to be related functionally and/or structurally with the IgG Fc receptor. By contrast, the A10 structure does not share this activity and so far has eluded any precise biological characterization.

Murine monoclonal antibodies as probes for the phenotypical, functional, and molecular analysis of a discrete peripheral blood lymphocyte population exerting natural killer activity in vitro.

MALAVASI, Fabio;MATERA, Lina;FERRERO, Enza;FUNARO, Ada;CAMUSSI, Giovanni;
1985

Abstract

Two monoclonal antibodies (AB8.28 and A10) reacting with large granular lymphocytes were extensively studied and characterized. The two peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets positive for the expression of AB8.28 and A10 determinants were isolated by cell sorting and the phenotype analyzed using a panel of anti-lymphocyte reagents. Both subsets displayed the characteristics of "null cells." Moreover, these subsets encompassed a significant amount of the natural killer activity, since preparations of peripheral blood lymphocytes deprived of AB8.28+ and A10+ cells showed a remarkable reduction of such activity. The analysis of the distribution of the AB8.28 and A10 epitopes has been carried out using a variety of cells, i.e., normal tissues, tumor cells, established cell lines, and preparations obtained from patients with different leukemic disorders. The structure bearing the epitopes recognized by the two monoclonal antibodies was characterized immunologically (immunoprecipitation, SDS-PAGE analysis, immunomodulation, and competition with other antibodies) and by various functional assays. On the basis of inhibition tests, the AB8.28 molecule seems to be related functionally and/or structurally with the IgG Fc receptor. By contrast, the A10 structure does not share this activity and so far has eluded any precise biological characterization.
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87
102
Monoclonal antibodies; human lymphocyte subsets; immunoprecipitation.
Malavasi F; Bellone G; Matera L; Milanese C; Ferrero E; Funaro A; Demaria S; Caligaris-Cappio F; Camussi G; Dellabona P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/83781
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