Human GATA3 haploinsufficiency leads to HDR (hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia) syndrome. The development of a specific subset of organs in which this transcription factor is expressed appears exquisitely sensitive to gene dosage. We report on a 14-year-old patient with symptomatic hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural bilateral deafness, unilateral renal dysplasia, bilateral palpebral ptosis, and horizontal nystagmus. Fundoscopy displayed symmetrical pseudopapilledema, and brain CT scan revealed basal ganglia calcifications. FISH analysis did not disclose any microdeletion in the 22q11.2 or 10p14 regions. GATA3 mutation analysis identified a heterozygous deletion of GG nucleotides at codon 36 and 37 (c.108_109delGG) in exon 2 causing a frameshift with a premature stop codon after a new 15-aminoacid sequence. Restriction endonuclease analysis performed in parents was negative. Our patient carries a novel "d

HDR syndrome: a novel "de novo" mutation in GATA3 gene.

GARELLI, Emanuela;CARANDO, Adriana;
2009

Abstract

Human GATA3 haploinsufficiency leads to HDR (hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia) syndrome. The development of a specific subset of organs in which this transcription factor is expressed appears exquisitely sensitive to gene dosage. We report on a 14-year-old patient with symptomatic hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural bilateral deafness, unilateral renal dysplasia, bilateral palpebral ptosis, and horizontal nystagmus. Fundoscopy displayed symmetrical pseudopapilledema, and brain CT scan revealed basal ganglia calcifications. FISH analysis did not disclose any microdeletion in the 22q11.2 or 10p14 regions. GATA3 mutation analysis identified a heterozygous deletion of GG nucleotides at codon 36 and 37 (c.108_109delGG) in exon 2 causing a frameshift with a premature stop codon after a new 15-aminoacid sequence. Restriction endonuclease analysis performed in parents was negative. Our patient carries a novel "d
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hypoparathyroidism; deafness; renal anomalies; HDR syndrome; GATA3 gene
Ferraris S; Del Monaco AG; Garelli E; Carando A; De Vito B; Pappi P; Lala R; Ponzone A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/86613
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