Background and aim: Activated myofibroblast-like cells, originating from hepatic stellate cells (HSC/MFs) or other cellular sources, play a key profibrogenic role in chronic liver diseases (CLDs) that, as suggested by studies in animal models or rat HSC/MFs, may be modulated by reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI). In this study, human HSC/MFs, exposed to different levels of superoxide anion (O2N2) and, for comparison, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), were analysed in terms of cytotoxicity, proliferative response, and migration. Methods: Cultured human HSC/MFs were exposed to controlled O2N2 generation by hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase systems or to a range of H2O2 concentrations. Induction of cell death, proliferation, and migration were investigated using morphology, molecular biology, and biochemical techniques. Results: Human HSC/MFs were shown to be extremely resistant to induction of cell death by O2N2 and only high rates of O2 N2 generation induced either necrotic or apoptotic cell death. Non-cytotoxic low levels of O2N2, able to upregulate procollagen type I expression (but not tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 and 2), stimulated migration of human HSC/MFs in a Ras/extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) dependent, antioxidant sensitive way, without affecting basal or platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulated cell proliferation. Non-cytotoxic levels of H2O2 did not affect Ras/ERK or proliferative response. A high rate of O2N2 generation or elevated levels of H2O2 induced cytoskeletal alterations, block in motility, and inhibition of PDGF dependent DNA synthesis. Conclusions: Low non-cytotoxic levels of extracellularly generated O2N2 may stimulate selected profibrogenic responses in human HSC/MFs without affecting proliferation.

Dose-dependent and divergent effects of superoxide anion on cell death, proliferation and migration of activated human hepatic stellate cells

NOVO, ERICA;CANNITO, STEFANIA;COLOMBATTO, Sebastiano;PAROLA, Maurizio
2006

Abstract

Background and aim: Activated myofibroblast-like cells, originating from hepatic stellate cells (HSC/MFs) or other cellular sources, play a key profibrogenic role in chronic liver diseases (CLDs) that, as suggested by studies in animal models or rat HSC/MFs, may be modulated by reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI). In this study, human HSC/MFs, exposed to different levels of superoxide anion (O2N2) and, for comparison, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), were analysed in terms of cytotoxicity, proliferative response, and migration. Methods: Cultured human HSC/MFs were exposed to controlled O2N2 generation by hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase systems or to a range of H2O2 concentrations. Induction of cell death, proliferation, and migration were investigated using morphology, molecular biology, and biochemical techniques. Results: Human HSC/MFs were shown to be extremely resistant to induction of cell death by O2N2 and only high rates of O2 N2 generation induced either necrotic or apoptotic cell death. Non-cytotoxic low levels of O2N2, able to upregulate procollagen type I expression (but not tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 and 2), stimulated migration of human HSC/MFs in a Ras/extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) dependent, antioxidant sensitive way, without affecting basal or platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulated cell proliferation. Non-cytotoxic levels of H2O2 did not affect Ras/ERK or proliferative response. A high rate of O2N2 generation or elevated levels of H2O2 induced cytoskeletal alterations, block in motility, and inhibition of PDGF dependent DNA synthesis. Conclusions: Low non-cytotoxic levels of extracellularly generated O2N2 may stimulate selected profibrogenic responses in human HSC/MFs without affecting proliferation.
GUT
55
90
97
NOVO E; MARRA F; ZAMARA E; VALFR DI BONZO L; CALIGIURI A; CANNITO S; ANTONACI C; COLOMBATTO S; PINZANI M; M. PAROLA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/8803
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