Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) possess an enormous potential of applications in nanomedicine, drug delivery and bioimaging which derives from their unique photoemission and photostability characteristics. In spite of this, however, their interactions with biological systems and impact on human health are still largely unknown. Here we used neurosecretory mouse chromaffin cells of the adrenal gland for testing the effects of CdSeeZnS coreeshell quantum dots (5e36 nM) on Ca2þ channels functionality and Ca2þ-dependent neurosecretion. Prolonged exposure (24 h) to commonly used concentrations of CdSeeZnS QDs (16 nM) showed that the semiconductor nanocrystal is effectively internalized into the cells without affecting cell integrity (no changes of membrane resistance and cell capacitance). QDs reduced the size of Ca2þ currents by w28% in a voltage-independent manner without affecting channel gating. Correspondingly, depolarization-evoked exocytosis, measured at þ10 mV, where Ca2þ currents are maximal, was reduced by 29%. CdSeeZnS QDs reduced the size of the readily releasable pool (RRP) of secretory vesicles by 32%, the frequency of release by 33% and the overall quantity of released catecholamines by 61%, as measured by carbon fibers amperometry. In addition, the Ca2þ-dependence of exocytosis was reduced, whereas the catecholamine content of single granules, as well as the kinetics of release, remained unaltered. These data suggest that exposure to CdSeeZnS QDs impairs Ca2þ influx and severely interferes with the functionality of the exocytotic machinery, compromising the overall catecholamine supply from chromaffin cells

The effect of CdSe-ZnS quantum dots on calcium currents and catecholamine secretion in mouse chromaffin cells

GOSSO, SARA;GAVELLO, DANIELA;GIACHELLO, Carlo Natale;FRANCHINO, Claudio;CARBONE, Emilio;CARABELLI, Valentina
2011

Abstract

Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) possess an enormous potential of applications in nanomedicine, drug delivery and bioimaging which derives from their unique photoemission and photostability characteristics. In spite of this, however, their interactions with biological systems and impact on human health are still largely unknown. Here we used neurosecretory mouse chromaffin cells of the adrenal gland for testing the effects of CdSeeZnS coreeshell quantum dots (5e36 nM) on Ca2þ channels functionality and Ca2þ-dependent neurosecretion. Prolonged exposure (24 h) to commonly used concentrations of CdSeeZnS QDs (16 nM) showed that the semiconductor nanocrystal is effectively internalized into the cells without affecting cell integrity (no changes of membrane resistance and cell capacitance). QDs reduced the size of Ca2þ currents by w28% in a voltage-independent manner without affecting channel gating. Correspondingly, depolarization-evoked exocytosis, measured at þ10 mV, where Ca2þ currents are maximal, was reduced by 29%. CdSeeZnS QDs reduced the size of the readily releasable pool (RRP) of secretory vesicles by 32%, the frequency of release by 33% and the overall quantity of released catecholamines by 61%, as measured by carbon fibers amperometry. In addition, the Ca2þ-dependence of exocytosis was reduced, whereas the catecholamine content of single granules, as well as the kinetics of release, remained unaltered. These data suggest that exposure to CdSeeZnS QDs impairs Ca2þ influx and severely interferes with the functionality of the exocytotic machinery, compromising the overall catecholamine supply from chromaffin cells
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Semiconductor nanocrystals; Adrenal chromaffin cells; Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels; Membrane capacitance changes; Exocytosis; Amperometry
Sara Gosso; Daniela Gavello; Carlo N.G. Giachello; Claudio Franchino; Emilio Carbone; Valentina Carabelli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/88611
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