Dbl is the prototype of a large family of GDP-GTP exchange factors for small GTPases of the Rho family. In vitro, Dbl is known to activate Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 and to induce a transformed phenotype in murine fibroblasts. We previously reported that Dbl-null mice are viable and fertile but display defective dendrite elongation of distinct subpopulations of cortical neurons, suggesting a role of Dbl in controlling dendritic growth. To gain deeper insights into the role of Dbl in development and disease, we attempted a knock-in approach to create an endogenous allele that encodes a missense-mutation-mediated loss of function in the DH domain. We generated, by gene targeting technology, a mutant mouse strain by inserting a mutagenized human proto-Dbl cDNA clone expressing only the Dbl N terminus regulatory sequence at the starting codon of murine exon 1. Animals were monitored over a 21-month period, and necropsy specimens were collected for histological examination and immunohistochemistry analysis. Dbl knock-in mice are viable and did not manifest either decreased reproductive performances or gross developmental phenotype but revealed a reduced lifespan compared to wild-type (w.t.) mice and showed, with aging, a B cell lymphoproliferation that often has features of a frank diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Moreover, Dbl knock-in male mice displayed an increased incidence of lung adenoma compared to w.t. mice. These data indicate that Dbl is a tumor susceptibility gene in mice and that loss of function of Dbl DH domain by genetic missense mutations is responsible for induction of diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

High frequency of development of B cell lymphoproliferation and diffuse large B cell lymphoma in Dbl knock-in mice.

ALTRUDA, Fiorella;HIRSCH, Emilio;
2011

Abstract

Dbl is the prototype of a large family of GDP-GTP exchange factors for small GTPases of the Rho family. In vitro, Dbl is known to activate Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 and to induce a transformed phenotype in murine fibroblasts. We previously reported that Dbl-null mice are viable and fertile but display defective dendrite elongation of distinct subpopulations of cortical neurons, suggesting a role of Dbl in controlling dendritic growth. To gain deeper insights into the role of Dbl in development and disease, we attempted a knock-in approach to create an endogenous allele that encodes a missense-mutation-mediated loss of function in the DH domain. We generated, by gene targeting technology, a mutant mouse strain by inserting a mutagenized human proto-Dbl cDNA clone expressing only the Dbl N terminus regulatory sequence at the starting codon of murine exon 1. Animals were monitored over a 21-month period, and necropsy specimens were collected for histological examination and immunohistochemistry analysis. Dbl knock-in mice are viable and did not manifest either decreased reproductive performances or gross developmental phenotype but revealed a reduced lifespan compared to wild-type (w.t.) mice and showed, with aging, a B cell lymphoproliferation that often has features of a frank diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Moreover, Dbl knock-in male mice displayed an increased incidence of lung adenoma compared to w.t. mice. These data indicate that Dbl is a tumor susceptibility gene in mice and that loss of function of Dbl DH domain by genetic missense mutations is responsible for induction of diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
89(5)
493
504
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00109-010-0712-4
Dbl; Knock-in mice; Diffuse large B cell lymphoma; Lung tumors; Small lymphocytic lymphoma
Ognibene M; Barbieri O; Vanni C; Mastracci L; Astigiano S; Emionite L; Salani B; Fedele M; Resaz R; Tenca C; Fais F; Sabatini F; De Santanna A; Altruda F; Varesio L; Hirsch E; Eva A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/89676
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