Tumor vascularization is a critical process that determines tumor growth and metastasis. In the last decade new experimental evidence obtained from in vitro and in vivo studies have challenged the classical angiogenesis model forcing us to consider new scenarios for tumor neovascularization. In particular, the genetic stability of tumor-derived endothelial cells (TECs) has been recently questioned in several studies, which show that TECs, as well as pericytes, differ significantly from their normal counterparts at genetic and functional levels. In addition to such an epigenetic action of tumor microenvironment on endothelial cells (ECs) commitment, the distinct characteristics of TECs could be due to differences in their origin compared with preexisting differentiated ECs. Intracellular Ca(2+) signals are involved at different critical phases in the regulation of the complex process of angiogenesis and tumor progression. These signals are generated by a wide variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Several key components of Ca(2+) signaling including Ca(2+) channels in the plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, calcium pumps, and mitochondria contribute to the generation, amplitude, and frequency of these Ca(2+) change. In particular, several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of calcium-permeable channels have profound effects on the function of ECs. Because of its multifaceted role in the control of cell function, proliferation, and motility, TRP channels have been suggested as a potential molecular target for control of tumor neovascularization. Since plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels are easily and directly accessible via the bloodstream, they are potential targets for a number of pharmacological and antibody-targeted therapeutic strategies, with specificity being the main limitation. In this review we discuss recent advances in understanding the role of Ca(2+) channels, with specific reference to TRP channels, in tumor vascularization process.

VASCULARIZING THE TUMOR: TRP CHANNELS AS MOLECULAR TARGETS.

FIORIO PLA, ALESSANDRA;AVANZATO, DANIELE;MUNARON, Luca Maria;
2012

Abstract

Tumor vascularization is a critical process that determines tumor growth and metastasis. In the last decade new experimental evidence obtained from in vitro and in vivo studies have challenged the classical angiogenesis model forcing us to consider new scenarios for tumor neovascularization. In particular, the genetic stability of tumor-derived endothelial cells (TECs) has been recently questioned in several studies, which show that TECs, as well as pericytes, differ significantly from their normal counterparts at genetic and functional levels. In addition to such an epigenetic action of tumor microenvironment on endothelial cells (ECs) commitment, the distinct characteristics of TECs could be due to differences in their origin compared with preexisting differentiated ECs. Intracellular Ca(2+) signals are involved at different critical phases in the regulation of the complex process of angiogenesis and tumor progression. These signals are generated by a wide variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Several key components of Ca(2+) signaling including Ca(2+) channels in the plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, calcium pumps, and mitochondria contribute to the generation, amplitude, and frequency of these Ca(2+) change. In particular, several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of calcium-permeable channels have profound effects on the function of ECs. Because of its multifaceted role in the control of cell function, proliferation, and motility, TRP channels have been suggested as a potential molecular target for control of tumor neovascularization. Since plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels are easily and directly accessible via the bloodstream, they are potential targets for a number of pharmacological and antibody-targeted therapeutic strategies, with specificity being the main limitation. In this review we discuss recent advances in understanding the role of Ca(2+) channels, with specific reference to TRP channels, in tumor vascularization process.
302
1
C9
C15
tumor vascularization, endothelial cells, calcium ions, transient receptor potential channels
Alessandra Fiorio Pla; Daniele Avanzato; Luca Munaron; Indu S. Ambudkar
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/90222
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