This study investigated the influence of different degrees of cross-linking of b-cyclodextrin-based nanosponges (β-CD-NSs) on the activity of the incorporated 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) to extend the postharvest longevity of carnation cut flowers. The polymeric β-CD-NSs were synthesized from cyclodextrins at three varying reticulations, β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8. These carriers were supplied to carry the nonvolatile formulations of 1-MCP at two different concentrations (0.25 and 0.5 lL L-1, ai) through stem and tissues of cut flowers of Dianthus caryophyllus L. ‘Idra di Muraglia’, both sprayed and in vase suspension. Treated cut flowers were compared to those receiving like concentrations of commercially prepared gaseous 1-MCP and to neat β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8. Visual checks for symptoms of senescence alteration (VS), petal color variation, and endogenous ethylene production were registered daily. The β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8 complexes favored decorative value maintenance in carnation cut flowers. In particular, the lowest suspended concentration (0.25 lL L-1) of the β- CD-NS 1:8 complex proved best for maintaining cut flower ornamental quality. β-CD-NS 1:8 treated flowers also appeared longer-lived than those treated with both doses of commercial gaseous 1-MCP. Data on petal color variation and endogenous ethylene production were strictly correlated with VS results. The potential for the formulated 1-MCP-loaded β-CD-NS suspension to induce prolonged vase life was demonstrated. Its use could yield benefits, such as a reduction in total dose and frequency of administration.

β-Cyclodextrin-based nanosponges as carriers for 1-MCPin extending the postharvest longevity of carnation cut flowers:an evaluation of different degrees of cross-linking

SEGLIE, LUDOVICA;MARTINA, Katia;DEVECCHI, Marco;TROTTA, Francesco;SCARIOT, VALENTINA
2011

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of different degrees of cross-linking of b-cyclodextrin-based nanosponges (β-CD-NSs) on the activity of the incorporated 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) to extend the postharvest longevity of carnation cut flowers. The polymeric β-CD-NSs were synthesized from cyclodextrins at three varying reticulations, β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8. These carriers were supplied to carry the nonvolatile formulations of 1-MCP at two different concentrations (0.25 and 0.5 lL L-1, ai) through stem and tissues of cut flowers of Dianthus caryophyllus L. ‘Idra di Muraglia’, both sprayed and in vase suspension. Treated cut flowers were compared to those receiving like concentrations of commercially prepared gaseous 1-MCP and to neat β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8. Visual checks for symptoms of senescence alteration (VS), petal color variation, and endogenous ethylene production were registered daily. The β-CD-NS 1:2, β-CD-NS 1:4, and β-CD-NS 1:8 complexes favored decorative value maintenance in carnation cut flowers. In particular, the lowest suspended concentration (0.25 lL L-1) of the β- CD-NS 1:8 complex proved best for maintaining cut flower ornamental quality. β-CD-NS 1:8 treated flowers also appeared longer-lived than those treated with both doses of commercial gaseous 1-MCP. Data on petal color variation and endogenous ethylene production were strictly correlated with VS results. The potential for the formulated 1-MCP-loaded β-CD-NS suspension to induce prolonged vase life was demonstrated. Its use could yield benefits, such as a reduction in total dose and frequency of administration.
PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
65
505
511
Antiethylene compound; Dianthus caryophyllus; Ethylene; Flower senescence; Nanocolloidal molecules; Shelf life
Seglie L; Martina K; Devecchi M; Roggero C; Trotta F; Scariot V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/90367
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