Stable colloidal dispersions of nanostructured semifluorinated acrylic particles with an unfluorinated core and an outer layer consisting of copolymers of the highly hydrophobic and lipophobic heptadecafluorodecyl methacrylate (FMA) were successfully synthesized with the assistance of three different cyclodextrins as phase-transfer catalysts: β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin (HpCD), and methyl β-cyclodextrin (MeCD). While all the cyclodextrins form a stable inclusion complex (IC) with FMA, only the ICs with the more hydrophilic HpCD and MeCD are soluble in water. Nevertheless, incorporation of FMA in the particle shell copolymer could be achieved also when using β-CD. On the other hand, the morphology of the nanostructured particles was characterized by a “patchy” fluorinated shell dependent on the cyclodextrin used, the best results being obtained with MeCD. A monomer-starved semicontinuous emulsion polymerization procedure was essential to favor the CD-mediated incorporation of FMA into the copolymer structure and to achieve a stable colloidal dispersion even in the presence of small amounts of mixed anionic–nonionic surfactants. The thermal and surface properties of the latex films showed a good correlation with the shell composition and patchy nanostructured morphology of the particles.

Three Different β-Cyclodextrins Direct the Emulsion Copolymerization of a Highly Fluorinated Methacrylate Towards Distinctive Nanostructured Particle Morphologies

SCALARONE, Dominique Maria;
2011

Abstract

Stable colloidal dispersions of nanostructured semifluorinated acrylic particles with an unfluorinated core and an outer layer consisting of copolymers of the highly hydrophobic and lipophobic heptadecafluorodecyl methacrylate (FMA) were successfully synthesized with the assistance of three different cyclodextrins as phase-transfer catalysts: β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin (HpCD), and methyl β-cyclodextrin (MeCD). While all the cyclodextrins form a stable inclusion complex (IC) with FMA, only the ICs with the more hydrophilic HpCD and MeCD are soluble in water. Nevertheless, incorporation of FMA in the particle shell copolymer could be achieved also when using β-CD. On the other hand, the morphology of the nanostructured particles was characterized by a “patchy” fluorinated shell dependent on the cyclodextrin used, the best results being obtained with MeCD. A monomer-starved semicontinuous emulsion polymerization procedure was essential to favor the CD-mediated incorporation of FMA into the copolymer structure and to achieve a stable colloidal dispersion even in the presence of small amounts of mixed anionic–nonionic surfactants. The thermal and surface properties of the latex films showed a good correlation with the shell composition and patchy nanostructured morphology of the particles.
JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE. PART A, POLYMER CHEMISTRY
49
4518
4530
β-cyclodextrins, emulsion polymerization, fluoropolymers, host–guest systems, nanoheterogeneity
C. Yang; V. Castelvetro; D. Scalarone; S. Bianchi; Y. Zhang
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/92502
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