In recent years cardiac tissue engineering has emerged as a promising field aimed at developing suitable techniques to repair the infarcted myocardium with a combination of cells, biomaterials, and regulative factors. In particular it could stand for an alternative strategy to simple in situ cellular implantation. In the present study our purpose was to analyze the interaction between a hyaluronan-based mesh (HYALONECT®) and neonatal murine ventricular myocytes (NMVMs). Specifically, we investigated morphological and functional characteristics of cardiomyocytes cultured on HYALONECT® in view of its employment in heart repair. Both living and fixed cells analysis was performed on in toto scaffolds with confocal microscopy. NMVMs adhesion on HYALONECT® was studied by tracking sarcomeric α-actinin immunofluorescence staining. The structural features of NMVMs adherent onto HYALONECT® were investigated at 24, 48, 72 h, and 7 days of culture by immunofluorescence for sarcomeric α-actinin and connexin-43. We observed a progressive morphological organization of the cells inside the biopolymer, with both clear sarcomeric arrangement along the scaffold fibers and gap junctions development between adjacent cells. Finally, in vivo intracellular calcium measurements performed using calcium fluorimetric confocal imaging revealed the presence of spontaneous calcium transients and contractile activity of NMVMs adherent onto HYALONECT® up to 48 h from seeding, indicating a progressive differentiation of the cells toward the adult phenotype. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that HYALONECT® allowed NMVMs to adhere to the fibers and to develop functional properties, displaying suitable features as a scaffold to perform heart tissue engineering. J. Cell. Biochem. 113: 800–807, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Development of morphology and function of neonatal mouse ventricular myocytes cultured on a hyaluronan-based polymer scaffold

GALLINA, CLARA;DOLGETTA, SERENA;ALLOATTI, Giuseppe;LEVI, Renzo;GALLO, Maria Pia
2012

Abstract

In recent years cardiac tissue engineering has emerged as a promising field aimed at developing suitable techniques to repair the infarcted myocardium with a combination of cells, biomaterials, and regulative factors. In particular it could stand for an alternative strategy to simple in situ cellular implantation. In the present study our purpose was to analyze the interaction between a hyaluronan-based mesh (HYALONECT®) and neonatal murine ventricular myocytes (NMVMs). Specifically, we investigated morphological and functional characteristics of cardiomyocytes cultured on HYALONECT® in view of its employment in heart repair. Both living and fixed cells analysis was performed on in toto scaffolds with confocal microscopy. NMVMs adhesion on HYALONECT® was studied by tracking sarcomeric α-actinin immunofluorescence staining. The structural features of NMVMs adherent onto HYALONECT® were investigated at 24, 48, 72 h, and 7 days of culture by immunofluorescence for sarcomeric α-actinin and connexin-43. We observed a progressive morphological organization of the cells inside the biopolymer, with both clear sarcomeric arrangement along the scaffold fibers and gap junctions development between adjacent cells. Finally, in vivo intracellular calcium measurements performed using calcium fluorimetric confocal imaging revealed the presence of spontaneous calcium transients and contractile activity of NMVMs adherent onto HYALONECT® up to 48 h from seeding, indicating a progressive differentiation of the cells toward the adult phenotype. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that HYALONECT® allowed NMVMs to adhere to the fibers and to develop functional properties, displaying suitable features as a scaffold to perform heart tissue engineering. J. Cell. Biochem. 113: 800–807, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1097-4644
NEONATAL MOUSE VENTRICULAR MYOCYTES; CARDIAC TISSUE ENGINEERING; HYALURONAN-BASED POLYMER; CALCIUM TRANSIENT
Clara Gallina; Serena Dolgetta; Giuseppe Alloatti; Renzo Levi; Maria Pia Gallo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/94215
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