A B S T R A C T The viscosity of silicate melts controls magma transport dynamics, eruption style and rates of physicochemical processes (e.g., degassing, crystallization) in natural magmas. Thus a comprehensive viscosity model for magmatic liquids has long been a goal of earth scientists. Here we present a model that predicts the non-Arrhenian Newtonian viscosity of silicate melts as a function of T and melt composition, including the rheologically important volatile constituents H2O and F. Our model is based on N1770 measurements of viscosity on multicomponent anhydrous and volatile-rich silicate melts. The non-Arrhenian T-dependence of viscosity is accounted for by the VFT equation [log η=A+B/(T(K)−C)]. The optimization assumes a common, high-T limit (A) for silicatemelt viscosity and returns a value for this limit of −4.55 (+0.2) (e.g., log η~10−4.6 Pa s). All compositional dependence is ascribed to the parameters B and C and is accounted for by an additional 17 model coefficients. Our model is continuous in composition- and temperature-space and predicts the viscosity of natural volatile-bearing silicate melts (SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2, FeOtot, CaO, MgO,MnO, Na2O, K2O, P2O5, H2O, F2O−1) over fifteen log units of viscosity (10^−1 – 10^14 Pa s). The model for viscosity can also predict other tranport properties including glass transition temperatures (Tg) and melt fragility (m). We show strong systematic decreases in Tg and m with increasing volatile content. This pattern has implications for predicting styles of volcanic eruption and understanding silicate melt structure. Our model transforms a quarter-century of experimental study of melt viscosities, into a parameterisation having a predictive capacity thatmakes it relevant to diverse fields of research including: volcanology, geophysics, petrology and material sciences.

Viscosity of magmatic liquids: A model / GIORDANO D; J.K. RUSSELL; D.B. DINGWELL. - In: EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS. - ISSN 0012-821X. - 271(2008), pp. 123-134.

Viscosity of magmatic liquids: A model

GIORDANO, Daniele;
2008

Abstract

A B S T R A C T The viscosity of silicate melts controls magma transport dynamics, eruption style and rates of physicochemical processes (e.g., degassing, crystallization) in natural magmas. Thus a comprehensive viscosity model for magmatic liquids has long been a goal of earth scientists. Here we present a model that predicts the non-Arrhenian Newtonian viscosity of silicate melts as a function of T and melt composition, including the rheologically important volatile constituents H2O and F. Our model is based on N1770 measurements of viscosity on multicomponent anhydrous and volatile-rich silicate melts. The non-Arrhenian T-dependence of viscosity is accounted for by the VFT equation [log η=A+B/(T(K)−C)]. The optimization assumes a common, high-T limit (A) for silicatemelt viscosity and returns a value for this limit of −4.55 (+0.2) (e.g., log η~10−4.6 Pa s). All compositional dependence is ascribed to the parameters B and C and is accounted for by an additional 17 model coefficients. Our model is continuous in composition- and temperature-space and predicts the viscosity of natural volatile-bearing silicate melts (SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2, FeOtot, CaO, MgO,MnO, Na2O, K2O, P2O5, H2O, F2O−1) over fifteen log units of viscosity (10^−1 – 10^14 Pa s). The model for viscosity can also predict other tranport properties including glass transition temperatures (Tg) and melt fragility (m). We show strong systematic decreases in Tg and m with increasing volatile content. This pattern has implications for predicting styles of volcanic eruption and understanding silicate melt structure. Our model transforms a quarter-century of experimental study of melt viscosities, into a parameterisation having a predictive capacity thatmakes it relevant to diverse fields of research including: volcanology, geophysics, petrology and material sciences.
271
123
134
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X08002240
GIORDANO D; J.K. RUSSELL; D.B. DINGWELL
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/95505
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