The high topographic complexity of the Alpine region is the origin of important climate differences that characterise the different areas of the Alps. These differences might have had a strong influence on vegetation and on migrations of human populations in the past. Based on an improved database containing about 3000 modern pollen samples, the standard "Modern Analogue Technique" has been applied to five pollen sequences from the subalpine belt of the South-western Italian Alps (Laghi dell'Orgials, 2240 m, Lago delle Fate, 2130 m, Torbiera del Biecai, 1920 m. Rifugio Mondovi, 1760 m, Pian Marchisio, 1624 m) to provide quantitative climate estimates for the Lateglacial and Holocene periods. Consistent climate trends are reconstructed for the different sequences. Sites recorded in detail the climate variations when they were located at the limit of two ecotones. Sites above the tree line recorded lower temperature values and less important variations. Climate was cold and dry during the Oldest and Younger Dryas and close to present-day values during the Bolling/Allerod interstadial. At the beginning of the Holocene, climate changed to warmer and moister conditions; a high number of climate fluctuations are recorded at several sites. A climate optimum is recorded in the Atlantic period, which caused a development of fir above its present-day altitudinal distribution. Climatic differences recorded at the various sites are discussed taking into account the limits of the method.

Lateglacial and Holocene climate oscillations in the South-western Alps: an attempt at quantitative reconstruction

SINISCALCO, Maria Consolata;CARAMIELLO, Rosa Anna
2008

Abstract

The high topographic complexity of the Alpine region is the origin of important climate differences that characterise the different areas of the Alps. These differences might have had a strong influence on vegetation and on migrations of human populations in the past. Based on an improved database containing about 3000 modern pollen samples, the standard "Modern Analogue Technique" has been applied to five pollen sequences from the subalpine belt of the South-western Italian Alps (Laghi dell'Orgials, 2240 m, Lago delle Fate, 2130 m, Torbiera del Biecai, 1920 m. Rifugio Mondovi, 1760 m, Pian Marchisio, 1624 m) to provide quantitative climate estimates for the Lateglacial and Holocene periods. Consistent climate trends are reconstructed for the different sequences. Sites recorded in detail the climate variations when they were located at the limit of two ecotones. Sites above the tree line recorded lower temperature values and less important variations. Climate was cold and dry during the Oldest and Younger Dryas and close to present-day values during the Bolling/Allerod interstadial. At the beginning of the Holocene, climate changed to warmer and moister conditions; a high number of climate fluctuations are recorded at several sites. A climate optimum is recorded in the Atlantic period, which caused a development of fir above its present-day altitudinal distribution. Climatic differences recorded at the various sites are discussed taking into account the limits of the method.
190(1)
71
88
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2008.04.004
E. ORTU; O. PEYRON; A. BORDON; J.L. DE BEAULIEU; C. SINISCALCO; R. CARAMIELLO
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/99273
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