A structural model of Saccharomyces cerevisiae oxidosqualene cyclase (SceOSC) suggests that some residues of the conserved sequence Pro-Ala-Glu-Val-Phe-Gly (residues 524–529) belong to a channel constriction that gives access to the active-site cavity. Starting from the SceOSC C457D mutant, which lacks the cysteine residue next to the catalytic Asp456 residue Cys457 has been replaced but Asp456 is still there, we prepared two further mutants where the wild-type residues Ala525 and Glu526 were individually replaced by cysteine. These mutants, especially E526C, were very sensitive to the thiol-reacting agent dodecylmaleimide. Moreover, both the specific activity and the thermal stability of E526C were severely reduced. A similar decrease of the enzyme functionality was obtained by replacing Glu526 with alanine,while substitution with the conservative residues aspartate or glutamine did not alter catalytic activity. Molecular modeling of the yeast wild-type OSC and mutants on the template structure of human OSC confirms that the channel constriction is an important aspect of the protein structure and suggests a critical structural role for Glu526.

Access of the substrate to the active site of yeast oxidosqualene cyclase: an inhibition and site-directed mutagenesis approach.

OLIARO BOSSO, Simonetta;BALLIANO, Gianni;VIOLA, Franca Cecilia
2005

Abstract

A structural model of Saccharomyces cerevisiae oxidosqualene cyclase (SceOSC) suggests that some residues of the conserved sequence Pro-Ala-Glu-Val-Phe-Gly (residues 524–529) belong to a channel constriction that gives access to the active-site cavity. Starting from the SceOSC C457D mutant, which lacks the cysteine residue next to the catalytic Asp456 residue Cys457 has been replaced but Asp456 is still there, we prepared two further mutants where the wild-type residues Ala525 and Glu526 were individually replaced by cysteine. These mutants, especially E526C, were very sensitive to the thiol-reacting agent dodecylmaleimide. Moreover, both the specific activity and the thermal stability of E526C were severely reduced. A similar decrease of the enzyme functionality was obtained by replacing Glu526 with alanine,while substitution with the conservative residues aspartate or glutamine did not alter catalytic activity. Molecular modeling of the yeast wild-type OSC and mutants on the template structure of human OSC confirms that the channel constriction is an important aspect of the protein structure and suggests a critical structural role for Glu526.
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S. OLIARO-BOSSO; T. SCHULZ-GASCH; G. BALLIANO; F. VIOLA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/99383
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