We assess the effectiveness of different public policy instruments for the creation of active venture capital markets. Our methodology focusses on innovation ratios, defined to be the shares of high-tech, and of early stage, venture capital investments. We study a unique panel of data for 14 European countries between 1988 and 2001. We have several novel findings. First, we find no evidence of a shortage of supply of venture capital funds in Europe, a result which questions the effectiveness of the most widely used policy for fostering active venture capital markets. We also find other policies to be effective. In particular, the opening of stock markets targeted at entrepreneurial companies has a positive, large effect on the innovation ratios. Reductions in the corporate capital gains tax rate increase the share of both high-tech and early stage investment. A reduction in labor regulation also results in a higher share of high-tech investments. Finally, we find no evidence of an effect of increased public R&D spending on the innovation ratios.

Public Policy and the Creation of Active Venture Capital Markets

SEMBENELLI, Alessandro;NICODANO, Giovanna
2006-01-01

Abstract

We assess the effectiveness of different public policy instruments for the creation of active venture capital markets. Our methodology focusses on innovation ratios, defined to be the shares of high-tech, and of early stage, venture capital investments. We study a unique panel of data for 14 European countries between 1988 and 2001. We have several novel findings. First, we find no evidence of a shortage of supply of venture capital funds in Europe, a result which questions the effectiveness of the most widely used policy for fostering active venture capital markets. We also find other policies to be effective. In particular, the opening of stock markets targeted at entrepreneurial companies has a positive, large effect on the innovation ratios. Reductions in the corporate capital gains tax rate increase the share of both high-tech and early stage investment. A reduction in labor regulation also results in a higher share of high-tech investments. Finally, we find no evidence of an effect of increased public R&D spending on the innovation ratios.
2006
90
1699
1723
Venture Capital; Entrepreneurship; Capital Gains Tax; Corporate Income Tax; Public R&D Expenditures; Stock Markets
A. SEMBENELLI; M. DA RIN; G. NICODANO
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/99556
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