The efficacy of islet transplantation is limited by poor graft vascularization. We herein demonstrated that microvesicles (MVs) released from endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) enhanced human islet vascularization. After incorporation into islet endothelium and beta-cells, EPC-derived MVs favored insulin secretion, survival and revascularization of islets transplanted in SCID mice. MVs induced in vitro islet endothelial cell proliferation, migration, resistance to apoptosis and organization in vessel-like structures. Moreover, MVs partially overcame the anti-angiogenic effect of rapamycin and inhibited endothelial-leukocyte interaction via L-selectin and CD40. MVs were previously shown to contain defined patterns of mRNAs. Here we demonstrated that MVs carried the pro-angiogenic miR-126 and miR-296 microRNAs (miRNAs). MVs pre-treated with RNase or derived from Dicer knocked-down EPCs showed a reduced angiogenic effect. In addition, MVs overcame the anti-angiogenic effect of the specific antagomiRs of miR-126 and miR-296, suggesting a relevant contribution of miRNAs delivered by MVs to islet endothelium. Microarray analysis of MV-stimulated islet endothelium indicated the up-regulation of mRNAs coding for factors involved in endothelial proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis. In addition, MVs induced the activation of the PI3K-Akt and eNOS signaling pathways in islet endothelium. These results suggest that MVs activate an angiogenic program in islet endothelium that may sustain revascularization and beta-cell function.

Microvesicles derived from endothelial progenitor cells enhance neoangiogenesis of human pancreatic islets.

BIANCONE, Luigi;FIGLIOLINI, Federico;BELTRAMO, Silvia;DEREGIBUS, Maria Chiara;ROMAGNOLI, Renato;SALIZZONI, Mauro;SEGOLONI, Giuseppe;CAMUSSI, Giovanni
2012-01-01

Abstract

The efficacy of islet transplantation is limited by poor graft vascularization. We herein demonstrated that microvesicles (MVs) released from endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) enhanced human islet vascularization. After incorporation into islet endothelium and beta-cells, EPC-derived MVs favored insulin secretion, survival and revascularization of islets transplanted in SCID mice. MVs induced in vitro islet endothelial cell proliferation, migration, resistance to apoptosis and organization in vessel-like structures. Moreover, MVs partially overcame the anti-angiogenic effect of rapamycin and inhibited endothelial-leukocyte interaction via L-selectin and CD40. MVs were previously shown to contain defined patterns of mRNAs. Here we demonstrated that MVs carried the pro-angiogenic miR-126 and miR-296 microRNAs (miRNAs). MVs pre-treated with RNase or derived from Dicer knocked-down EPCs showed a reduced angiogenic effect. In addition, MVs overcame the anti-angiogenic effect of the specific antagomiRs of miR-126 and miR-296, suggesting a relevant contribution of miRNAs delivered by MVs to islet endothelium. Microarray analysis of MV-stimulated islet endothelium indicated the up-regulation of mRNAs coding for factors involved in endothelial proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis. In addition, MVs induced the activation of the PI3K-Akt and eNOS signaling pathways in islet endothelium. These results suggest that MVs activate an angiogenic program in islet endothelium that may sustain revascularization and beta-cell function.
2012
21
6
1305
1320
Islet transplantation; microvesicles; endothelial progenitor cells
Cantaluppi V; Biancone L; Figliolini F; Beltramo S; Medica D; Deregibus MC; Galimi F; Romagnoli R; Salizzoni M; Tetta C; Segoloni GP; Camussi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/106703
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