Ion beam induced charge collection (IBIC) is a powerful experimental technique to characterise semiconductor materials and devices. It is based on the measurement of the charge induced in a given electrode by the motion of charge carriers generated by MeV ions. The problem of IBIC pulse formation is usually solved by the Shockley–Ramo theorem in which charge carriers are moving in presence of an electric field and all the electrodes are maintained at constant potentials. This theoretical model was demonstrated according to basic electrostatic principles and was first applied to evaluate the induced currents in vacuum tubes and then in semiconductor devices even in presence of stationary space charge. However, the basic assumption underlying such theorems is the independence of the space charge distribution on the applied bias voltage. Such a hypothesis is clearly not valid in partially depleted semiconductor devices where the extension of the depletion region depends on the conditions of the boundary electrodes. We present in this paper a new theoretical approach based on a general expression for electrostatic induction deduced by J.B. Gunn in 1964, which overcomes any limitation on space charge distribution. The resulting simple new formalism reduces to the Ramo–Shockley theorem as a special case. In order to clarify this theoretical approach, some simple IBIC experiments on semiconductor p–n and Schottky diodes are presented and discussed.

Theory of ion beam induced charge measurement in semiconductor detectives based on the Gunn's theorem

VITTONE, Ettore
2004-01-01

Abstract

Ion beam induced charge collection (IBIC) is a powerful experimental technique to characterise semiconductor materials and devices. It is based on the measurement of the charge induced in a given electrode by the motion of charge carriers generated by MeV ions. The problem of IBIC pulse formation is usually solved by the Shockley–Ramo theorem in which charge carriers are moving in presence of an electric field and all the electrodes are maintained at constant potentials. This theoretical model was demonstrated according to basic electrostatic principles and was first applied to evaluate the induced currents in vacuum tubes and then in semiconductor devices even in presence of stationary space charge. However, the basic assumption underlying such theorems is the independence of the space charge distribution on the applied bias voltage. Such a hypothesis is clearly not valid in partially depleted semiconductor devices where the extension of the depletion region depends on the conditions of the boundary electrodes. We present in this paper a new theoretical approach based on a general expression for electrostatic induction deduced by J.B. Gunn in 1964, which overcomes any limitation on space charge distribution. The resulting simple new formalism reduces to the Ramo–Shockley theorem as a special case. In order to clarify this theoretical approach, some simple IBIC experiments on semiconductor p–n and Schottky diodes are presented and discussed.
219-220C
1043
1050
www.dfs.unito.it/solid
Shockley–Ramo theorem; Radiation detectors; Gunns theorem; IBIC; Nuclear microprobe; Charge collection efficiency
E. VITTONE
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
gunn.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 335.76 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
335.76 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/10700
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact