An increasing body of evidence suggests the involvement of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) in different physiological and pathological processes. Similarly to the other gasotransmitters nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), this bioactive compound is rapidly diffusible through the biological membranes and acts in a paracrine fashion. Despite the large amount of biological actions observed in vitro and in vivo upon stimulation with H(2)S donors, as well as by interfering with its synthesis, the molecular targets and mechanisms through which it exerts its intracellular effects are only partially known. A number of proteins are covalently modified by H(2)S through sulfhydration of specific cysteine residues. However, only in few cases their identity has been discovered and the functional role of this post-translational modification needs to be investigated in more detail. Great attention has been devoted to potassium channels, particularly K(ATP), as they are considered key mediators of H(2)S-induced effects, and their sulfhydration has been clearly demonstrated. Recently, different authors reported the ability of H(2)S to interfere with calcium homeostasis in neurons, cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. Since calcium signaling is involved in all cell processes, these observations attracted increasing attention from basic biology and medicine. Although some effects of H(2)S on calcium signals can be ascribed to K(ATP) modulation, there is growing consensus about the existence of other targets for the gasotransmitter. Some of them are Ca(2+)-permeable channels. In this review we discuss the state of the art in this specific field, providing an updated report of H(2)S interaction with Ca(2+) channels and its functional outcomes.

Hydrogen sulfide as a regulator of calcium channels.

MUNARON, Luca Maria;AVANZATO, DANIELE;MANCARDI, Daniele
2013

Abstract

An increasing body of evidence suggests the involvement of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) in different physiological and pathological processes. Similarly to the other gasotransmitters nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), this bioactive compound is rapidly diffusible through the biological membranes and acts in a paracrine fashion. Despite the large amount of biological actions observed in vitro and in vivo upon stimulation with H(2)S donors, as well as by interfering with its synthesis, the molecular targets and mechanisms through which it exerts its intracellular effects are only partially known. A number of proteins are covalently modified by H(2)S through sulfhydration of specific cysteine residues. However, only in few cases their identity has been discovered and the functional role of this post-translational modification needs to be investigated in more detail. Great attention has been devoted to potassium channels, particularly K(ATP), as they are considered key mediators of H(2)S-induced effects, and their sulfhydration has been clearly demonstrated. Recently, different authors reported the ability of H(2)S to interfere with calcium homeostasis in neurons, cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. Since calcium signaling is involved in all cell processes, these observations attracted increasing attention from basic biology and medicine. Although some effects of H(2)S on calcium signals can be ascribed to K(ATP) modulation, there is growing consensus about the existence of other targets for the gasotransmitter. Some of them are Ca(2+)-permeable channels. In this review we discuss the state of the art in this specific field, providing an updated report of H(2)S interaction with Ca(2+) channels and its functional outcomes.
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Munaron L; Avanzato D; Moccia F; Mancardi D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/118205
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