We prospectively evaluated 50 patients with mitral stenosis (43 women and 7 men; mean age 45 years) to assess the results of surgical reconstruction of the mitral valve. All patients underwent a complete echocardiographic examination before and after operation. Surgical reconstruction was extensive, and included commissurotomy, thinning of the valvular leaflets, calcification removal, splitting of subvalvular apparatus, and posterior annuloplasty. Surgical reconstruction resulted in increasing mitral functional area from 0.89 +/- 0.23 to 2.07 +/- 0.42 cm2. NYHA functional class decreased from 2.76 +/- 0.55 to 1.52 +/- 0.71. Before discharging, 10% of patients had moderate mitral insufficiency. All patients were followed at 6-month intervals in our clinic. Mean follow-up was 37 +/- 18 months. During follow-up 5 patients (10%) developed severe mitral incompetence, which required mitral valve replacement. Chi-square and Student t-test were used to analyze the correlation between variables and outcome. The occurrence of severe mitral incompetence was correlated with: the degree of enlarged left atrium; chronic atrial fibrillation; postoperative more than mild mitral regurgitation. No correlation was found with anatomical parameters detected by echocardiography, or intraoperative anatomy. In conclusion, surgical reconstruction of mitral stenosis provides satisfactory short-term results. We believe that the low mortality rate and the low incidence of complications justify an effort to save the native mitral valve before considering prosthetic replacement. More attention to the development of residual mitral incompetence with intraoperative control may improve long-term results.

[Conservative surgical treatment of rheumatic mitral stenosis]

COMOGLIO, Chiara;MORELLO, Mara;
1995

Abstract

We prospectively evaluated 50 patients with mitral stenosis (43 women and 7 men; mean age 45 years) to assess the results of surgical reconstruction of the mitral valve. All patients underwent a complete echocardiographic examination before and after operation. Surgical reconstruction was extensive, and included commissurotomy, thinning of the valvular leaflets, calcification removal, splitting of subvalvular apparatus, and posterior annuloplasty. Surgical reconstruction resulted in increasing mitral functional area from 0.89 +/- 0.23 to 2.07 +/- 0.42 cm2. NYHA functional class decreased from 2.76 +/- 0.55 to 1.52 +/- 0.71. Before discharging, 10% of patients had moderate mitral insufficiency. All patients were followed at 6-month intervals in our clinic. Mean follow-up was 37 +/- 18 months. During follow-up 5 patients (10%) developed severe mitral incompetence, which required mitral valve replacement. Chi-square and Student t-test were used to analyze the correlation between variables and outcome. The occurrence of severe mitral incompetence was correlated with: the degree of enlarged left atrium; chronic atrial fibrillation; postoperative more than mild mitral regurgitation. No correlation was found with anatomical parameters detected by echocardiography, or intraoperative anatomy. In conclusion, surgical reconstruction of mitral stenosis provides satisfactory short-term results. We believe that the low mortality rate and the low incidence of complications justify an effort to save the native mitral valve before considering prosthetic replacement. More attention to the development of residual mitral incompetence with intraoperative control may improve long-term results.
40(4)
261
266
Pansini S; Di Summa M; Gagliardotto P; Comoglio C; Punta G; Greco C; Mangiardi ML; Morello M; Colonna G; Morea M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/122643
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