o-Benzenedisulfonimide (OBS) has efficiently catalysed the one-pot three-component reaction of ketones and aromatic amines with trimethylsilyl cyanide (TMSCN) giving the corresponding α-amino nitriles in excellent yields (23 examples; average yield 85%). Reaction conditions were very simple, green and efficient. Theoretical calculations have allowed us to explain the mechanism of this reaction which has been found to take place in two phases; the first consists of the nucleophilic addition of the aniline to the ketone and the subsequent dehydration to an imine; the second one consists of the formal addition of cyanide anion to the protonated imine. OBS acts in all steps of this mechanism. Without an acid catalyst, the reaction mechanism is more simple but barriers are sensibly higher

o-Benzenedisulfonimide as Brønsted acid catalyst in the Strecker reaction. Synthetic and mechanistic aspects.

GHIGO, Giovanni;DUGHERA, Stefano;BARBERO, Margherita;CADAMURO, Silvano
2012-01-01

Abstract

o-Benzenedisulfonimide (OBS) has efficiently catalysed the one-pot three-component reaction of ketones and aromatic amines with trimethylsilyl cyanide (TMSCN) giving the corresponding α-amino nitriles in excellent yields (23 examples; average yield 85%). Reaction conditions were very simple, green and efficient. Theoretical calculations have allowed us to explain the mechanism of this reaction which has been found to take place in two phases; the first consists of the nucleophilic addition of the aniline to the ketone and the subsequent dehydration to an imine; the second one consists of the formal addition of cyanide anion to the protonated imine. OBS acts in all steps of this mechanism. Without an acid catalyst, the reaction mechanism is more simple but barriers are sensibly higher
XXXIV Convegno Nazionale SCI Divisione di Chimica Organica
Pavia
10-14 Settembre 2012
Atti del Convegno
Università di Pavia
P05
P05
Strecker reactions, Theoretical calculations; acid catalysis
Giovanni Ghigo; Stefano Dughera; Margherita Barbero; Silvano Cadamuro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/132432
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