To discuss the duration and types of breastfeeding and to identify the factors associated with the early introduction of formula milk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted in the largest birthing centre of Turin. 562 mother-infant pairs were selected randomly and enrolled from among all the births that occurred in our Hospital from January to December 2009. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire filled out by the researcher during a face-to-face interview at mother's bed side during her hospital stay. This questionnaire included data regarding maternal socio-demographic, biomedical and hospital-related characteristics and some questions regarding family support, maternal attitude and current knowledge on breastfeeding. Mothers were interviewed by telephone at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum using the 24-h recall technique and definitions recommended by the WHO to investigate the type of breastfeeding adopted. RESULTS: At the age of 6 months only 8.9% of the infants involved were still exclusively breastfed and 44.3% had discontinued breastfeeding. By the age of 12 months 25.3% of infants were still receiving some breast milk. The main factors that had a negative impact on the duration of breastfeeding included maternal smoking habits, early pacifier introduction and the maternal infant feeding attitude. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of initiation and overall duration of breastfeeding reached the WHO objectives, but exclusive breastfeeding duration has still not reached satisfactory levels at 6 months. Given that the maternal infant feeding attitude is the only factor independently related to breastfeeding duration for the whole first year of life, reliable measures of maternal attitude could be used as a first step in targeting and assessing interventions that promote and sustain breastfeeding.

Is breastfeeding duration influenced by maternal attitude and knowledge? A longitudinal study during the first year of life.

BERTINO, Enrico;VARALDA, Alessia Giusy Gianfranca;PRANDI, Giovanna
2012

Abstract

To discuss the duration and types of breastfeeding and to identify the factors associated with the early introduction of formula milk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted in the largest birthing centre of Turin. 562 mother-infant pairs were selected randomly and enrolled from among all the births that occurred in our Hospital from January to December 2009. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire filled out by the researcher during a face-to-face interview at mother's bed side during her hospital stay. This questionnaire included data regarding maternal socio-demographic, biomedical and hospital-related characteristics and some questions regarding family support, maternal attitude and current knowledge on breastfeeding. Mothers were interviewed by telephone at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum using the 24-h recall technique and definitions recommended by the WHO to investigate the type of breastfeeding adopted. RESULTS: At the age of 6 months only 8.9% of the infants involved were still exclusively breastfed and 44.3% had discontinued breastfeeding. By the age of 12 months 25.3% of infants were still receiving some breast milk. The main factors that had a negative impact on the duration of breastfeeding included maternal smoking habits, early pacifier introduction and the maternal infant feeding attitude. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of initiation and overall duration of breastfeeding reached the WHO objectives, but exclusive breastfeeding duration has still not reached satisfactory levels at 6 months. Given that the maternal infant feeding attitude is the only factor independently related to breastfeeding duration for the whole first year of life, reliable measures of maternal attitude could be used as a first step in targeting and assessing interventions that promote and sustain breastfeeding.
25
Suppl. 3
32
36
Breastfeeding; breastfeeding duration; attitude
Bertino E; Varalda A; Magnetti F; Di Nicola P; Cester E; Occhi L; Perathoner C; Soldi A; Prandi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/134816
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