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|Titolo:||Combining whistles acoustic parameters to discriminate Mediterranean odontocetes for their Passive Acoustic Monitoring|
|Autori interni:||PAPALE, ELENA |
AZZOLIN, MARTA ANNA
|Autori:||Marta Azzolin; Alexandre Gannier; Marc O. Lammers; Julie N. Oswald; Elena Papale; Giuseppa Buscaino; Gaspare Buffa; Salvatore Mazzola; Cristina Giacoma|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Abstract:||Acoustic observation can complement visual observation to more effectively monitor occurrence and distribution of marine mammals. For effective acoustic censuses, calibration methods must be determined by joint visual and acoustic studies. Research is still needed in the field of acoustic species identification, particularly for smaller odontocetes. From 1994 to 2012, whistles of four odontocete species were recorded in different areas of the Mediterranean Sea to determine how reliably these vocalizations can be classified to species. Recordings were attributed to species by simultaneous visual observation. The results of this study highlight that the frequency parameters, which are linked to physical features of animals, show lower variability than modulation parameters, which are likely to be more dependent on complex eco-ethological contexts. For all the studied species, minimum and maximum frequencies were linearly correlated with body size. DFA and Classification Tree Analysis (CART) show that these parameters were the most important for classifying species; however, both statistical methods highlighted the need for combining them with the number of contour minima and contour maxima for correct classification. Generally, DFA and CART results reflected both phylogenetic distance (especially for common and striped dolphins) and the size of the species.|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03A-Articolo su Rivista|
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