Recent empirical studies in Behavioral Agency Model (see Pepper and Gore, 2012) on executive compensations make evidence how the agent attitude to risk influences the subjectively perceived incentive value. The paper sets out a compensation schedule matching the following goals: (1) aligning the incentives with the executive subjectively perceived fair and equitable compensation; (2) discouraging the executive excessive risk-taking; (3) providing an easy-to-use tool to calculate the fair compensation. To hit the first goal we suggest the use the target-oriented decision approach (see Bordley and LiCalzi, 2000) able to guide the agent in eliciting her subjective value function through the assessment of the (uncertain) target to hit. The proposed approach is compatible with prospect theory (see Kahneman and Tversky, 1979). With reference to the second goal involving the problem on how prevent moral hazard phenomena, we suggest to insert an index-linked option type clause. That clause ties the compensation payment to outgoing a set of given performance indicators taken as benchmark. The third goal is achieved using the notion of actuarial zero-utility premium extended to prospect theory (see Heilpern, 2003; Kaluszka and Krzeszowiec, 2012, 2013). To explicit the agent subjective value function we suggest a graphical method proposed by Goldstein and Rothschild (2014). Our approach generalizes the Pepper and Gore (2012, 2013) compensation formula and provides a normative foundation for constructing compensation schemes which are coherent with Savage’s (1954) rationality axioms and prospect theory as well.

Behavioral Agency Model: a target-oriented approach for executive incentives

CULASSO, Francesca;GIACOSA, Elisa;TIBILETTI, Luisa
2014

Abstract

Recent empirical studies in Behavioral Agency Model (see Pepper and Gore, 2012) on executive compensations make evidence how the agent attitude to risk influences the subjectively perceived incentive value. The paper sets out a compensation schedule matching the following goals: (1) aligning the incentives with the executive subjectively perceived fair and equitable compensation; (2) discouraging the executive excessive risk-taking; (3) providing an easy-to-use tool to calculate the fair compensation. To hit the first goal we suggest the use the target-oriented decision approach (see Bordley and LiCalzi, 2000) able to guide the agent in eliciting her subjective value function through the assessment of the (uncertain) target to hit. The proposed approach is compatible with prospect theory (see Kahneman and Tversky, 1979). With reference to the second goal involving the problem on how prevent moral hazard phenomena, we suggest to insert an index-linked option type clause. That clause ties the compensation payment to outgoing a set of given performance indicators taken as benchmark. The third goal is achieved using the notion of actuarial zero-utility premium extended to prospect theory (see Heilpern, 2003; Kaluszka and Krzeszowiec, 2012, 2013). To explicit the agent subjective value function we suggest a graphical method proposed by Goldstein and Rothschild (2014). Our approach generalizes the Pepper and Gore (2012, 2013) compensation formula and provides a normative foundation for constructing compensation schemes which are coherent with Savage’s (1954) rationality axioms and prospect theory as well.
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Behavioral Agency Model; Behavioral Theory of the firm; Executive incentives; Moral hazard
R. Bordley; F. Culasso; E. Giacosa; L. Tibiletti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/158056
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