In last decade, Arthrospira has been considered an important source of high-quality nutrients and therefore it is suggested as a suitable functional food. In this work, Arthrospira maxima extracts were obtained in different conditions, varying solvents, time, temperature and extraction techniques, such as microwave- and ultrasound-assisted extraction (MAE and UAE, respectively). Total carotenoids and polyphenols were measured using UV determination tests, while HPLC analyses were carried out to identify the main compounds. Antioxidant activity of A. maxima extracts was evaluated in vitro by Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Acetone/hexane and acetone extracts were in general the richest in β-carotene and total carotenoids (20–33 and 40–70 mg/g extract, respectively). The best results were obtained under MAE at 90 °C for 10 min with the highest yields in terms of total carotenoids and β-carotene (>2.6 and >1.0 mg/g algae, respectively). MAE with ethanol (90 °C, 30 min) allowed maximization of total carotenoids and β-carotene amount (3.12 and 1.37 mg/g algae, respectively) thanks to the very good extraction yields. Moreover, this technique gave an extract with the highest antioxidant activity (812 and 519 µmol Trolox/g extract for TEAC and ORAC, respectively). Surprisingly, polyphenols were not detected in A. maxima extracts analyzed by HPLC.

An evaluation of the antioxidant properties of Arthrospira maxima extracts obtained using non-conventional techniques

GIORGIS, Marta
First
;
GARELLA, Davide;CENA, Clara;BOFFA, Luisa;CRAVOTTO, Giancarlo;MARINI, Elisabetta
Last
2017

Abstract

In last decade, Arthrospira has been considered an important source of high-quality nutrients and therefore it is suggested as a suitable functional food. In this work, Arthrospira maxima extracts were obtained in different conditions, varying solvents, time, temperature and extraction techniques, such as microwave- and ultrasound-assisted extraction (MAE and UAE, respectively). Total carotenoids and polyphenols were measured using UV determination tests, while HPLC analyses were carried out to identify the main compounds. Antioxidant activity of A. maxima extracts was evaluated in vitro by Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Acetone/hexane and acetone extracts were in general the richest in β-carotene and total carotenoids (20–33 and 40–70 mg/g extract, respectively). The best results were obtained under MAE at 90 °C for 10 min with the highest yields in terms of total carotenoids and β-carotene (>2.6 and >1.0 mg/g algae, respectively). MAE with ethanol (90 °C, 30 min) allowed maximization of total carotenoids and β-carotene amount (3.12 and 1.37 mg/g algae, respectively) thanks to the very good extraction yields. Moreover, this technique gave an extract with the highest antioxidant activity (812 and 519 µmol Trolox/g extract for TEAC and ORAC, respectively). Surprisingly, polyphenols were not detected in A. maxima extracts analyzed by HPLC.
243
2
227
237
http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00217/index.htm
Antioxidant activity; Arthrospira maxima; Carotenoids; Microalgae; Microwaves; Ultrasound; Biotechnology; Food Science; Chemistry (all); Biochemistry; Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Giorgis, Marta; Garella, Davide; Cena, Clara; Boffa, Luisa; Cravotto, Giancarlo; Marini, Elisabetta
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
EFoodResTec_Giorgis_Revised_4aperto.pdf

Accesso aperto con embargo fino al 28/02/2018

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 354.88 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
354.88 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
EFoodResTec_Giorgis2017.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 836.43 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
836.43 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
An evaluation of the antioxidant properties of Arthrospira maxima extracts obtained using non-conventional techniques.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 803.65 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
803.65 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1634254
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact