Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are one of the most common malignancies in bitches. Platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR)-Alpha and Beta, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and CD117 are tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) involved in several tumours and represent suitable targets for specific therapy with toceranib phosphate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of these receptors in the pathogenesis and progression of CMTs. PDGFRα, PDGFRβ, VEGFR-2 and CD117 were expressed in 46/83 (55.4%), 33/83 (39.8%), 46/83 (55.4%) and 32/83 (38.5%) of CMTs, respectively. Immunohistochemical results showed a statistically significant loss of PDGFRα and PDGFRβ expression in simple carcinomas compared to complex/mixed carcinomas. Protein expression by western blot revealed specific bands corresponding to PDGFRα and VEGFR-2 in 3/7 and in 1/7 cell lines. Moreover in vitro treatment showed that toceranib phosphate weakly reduced cell proliferation in one canine mammary cell line. Before considering TKIs for possible therapeutic approaches, actually further studies are necessary to evaluate the effect of these drugs on CMTs in vivo.

PDGFR-α, PDGFR-β, VEGFR-2 and CD117 expression in canine mammary tumours and evaluation of the in vitro effects of toceranib phosphate in neoplastic mammary cell lines.

Gattino F;Maniscalco L;Iussich S;Biasato I;Martano M;Morello E;Gola C;Buracco P;Raffaella De Maria
2018

Abstract

Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are one of the most common malignancies in bitches. Platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR)-Alpha and Beta, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and CD117 are tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) involved in several tumours and represent suitable targets for specific therapy with toceranib phosphate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of these receptors in the pathogenesis and progression of CMTs. PDGFRα, PDGFRβ, VEGFR-2 and CD117 were expressed in 46/83 (55.4%), 33/83 (39.8%), 46/83 (55.4%) and 32/83 (38.5%) of CMTs, respectively. Immunohistochemical results showed a statistically significant loss of PDGFRα and PDGFRβ expression in simple carcinomas compared to complex/mixed carcinomas. Protein expression by western blot revealed specific bands corresponding to PDGFRα and VEGFR-2 in 3/7 and in 1/7 cell lines. Moreover in vitro treatment showed that toceranib phosphate weakly reduced cell proliferation in one canine mammary cell line. Before considering TKIs for possible therapeutic approaches, actually further studies are necessary to evaluate the effect of these drugs on CMTs in vivo.
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Gattino, Francesca; Maniscalco, Lorella; Iussich, Selina; Biasato, Ilaria; Martano, Marina; Morello, Emanuela Maria; Gola, Cecilia; Millan, Y; Sasaki, ; Buracco, Paolo; De Las Mulas, J; DE MARIA, Raffaella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1652676
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