A strain of Saccharomyces (S) cerevisiae (ISE19), which displayed an initial good adaptation to a high sugar medium with increased acetate and glycerol production but weak overall growth/fermentation performances, was selected during the alcoholic fermentation of Cortese grape must. To obtain insights into the metabolic changes that occur in the must during growth in particular conditions (high ethanol, high residual sugars and low nitrogen availability) leading to a sluggish fermentation or even fermentation arrest, comparative in-gel proteomic analyses were performed on cells grown in media containing 200 g/L and 260 g/L of glucose, respectively, while the YAN (Yeast Assimilable Nitrogen) concentration was maintained as it was. Two post-translationally different arginine synthases (pIs 5.6 and 5.8) were found in higher abundances in the high glucose-grown cells, together with an increased abundance of a glycosyltransferase involved in cell-wall mannans synthesis, and of two regulatory proteins (K7_Bmh1p and K7_Bmh2p) that control membrane transport. In parallel, a proteinase K-like proteolytic enzyme and three other protein fragments (Indolepyruvate decarboxylase 1, Fba1p and Eno1p) were present in lower abundances in the high glucose condition, where oxidative stress and cell cycle involved enzymes were also found to be less abundant. The overall results suggest that in stationary phase stress conditions, leading to stuck fermentation, S. cerevisiae ISE19 decreases cell replication, oxidative stress responses and proteolytic activity, while induces other metabolic modifications that are mainly based on cell-wall renewal, regulation of the solute transport across the cell membrane and de novo arginine synthesis.

Enhanced arginine biosynthesis and lower proteolytic profile as indicators of Saccharomyces cerevisiae stress in stationary phase during fermentation of high sugar grape must: A proteomic evidence

Noti, Olta;Lamberti, Cristina;Cavallarin, Laura;GARCIA MORUNO, EMILIA;Pessione, Enrica
Last
2018-01-01

Abstract

A strain of Saccharomyces (S) cerevisiae (ISE19), which displayed an initial good adaptation to a high sugar medium with increased acetate and glycerol production but weak overall growth/fermentation performances, was selected during the alcoholic fermentation of Cortese grape must. To obtain insights into the metabolic changes that occur in the must during growth in particular conditions (high ethanol, high residual sugars and low nitrogen availability) leading to a sluggish fermentation or even fermentation arrest, comparative in-gel proteomic analyses were performed on cells grown in media containing 200 g/L and 260 g/L of glucose, respectively, while the YAN (Yeast Assimilable Nitrogen) concentration was maintained as it was. Two post-translationally different arginine synthases (pIs 5.6 and 5.8) were found in higher abundances in the high glucose-grown cells, together with an increased abundance of a glycosyltransferase involved in cell-wall mannans synthesis, and of two regulatory proteins (K7_Bmh1p and K7_Bmh2p) that control membrane transport. In parallel, a proteinase K-like proteolytic enzyme and three other protein fragments (Indolepyruvate decarboxylase 1, Fba1p and Eno1p) were present in lower abundances in the high glucose condition, where oxidative stress and cell cycle involved enzymes were also found to be less abundant. The overall results suggest that in stationary phase stress conditions, leading to stuck fermentation, S. cerevisiae ISE19 decreases cell replication, oxidative stress responses and proteolytic activity, while induces other metabolic modifications that are mainly based on cell-wall renewal, regulation of the solute transport across the cell membrane and de novo arginine synthesis.
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www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/4/2/2/9/7/0
Cell-wall mannans; Glycolytic enzymes; In-gel-proteomics; K7_Bmh; Proteins controlling stress-induced apoptosis; Food Science
Noti, Olta; Vaudano, Enrico; Giuffrida, Maria Gabriella; Lamberti, Cristina; Cavallarin, Laura; Garcia-Moruno, Emilia; Pessione, Enrica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1656370
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