Carduus species (Compositae) are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area, and traditionally used for both food and medicinal purposes. The hydroalcoholic extracts of four wild edible Carduus species collected in Sardinia (Carduus argyroa Biv., Carduus nutans subsp. macrocephalus (Desf.) Nyman, Carduus pycnocephalus L., Carduus cephalanthus Viv.) were analyzed and characterized by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS and PCR-RFLP of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS). Flavonoids and caffeoylquinic acid derivatives were the predominant classes of secondary metabolites characterizing the extracts. The ITS region was sequenced in parallel, and a PCR-RFLP method was applied with three selective restriction enzymes. Statistical analyses, on both chemical and biomolecular results, revealed that individuals clustered according to their taxonomic classification. The combination of the two techniques discriminates the four species within the genus, giving further information on these little-investigated plants, traditionally used in the Mediterranean area and in Sardinia.

Characterization of four wild edible Carduus species from the Mediterranean region via phytochemical and biomolecular analyses

Marengo, Arianna;Bertea, Cinzia M.
;
Bicchi, Carlo;Cagliero, Cecilia;Rubiolo, Patrizia
Last
2017

Abstract

Carduus species (Compositae) are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area, and traditionally used for both food and medicinal purposes. The hydroalcoholic extracts of four wild edible Carduus species collected in Sardinia (Carduus argyroa Biv., Carduus nutans subsp. macrocephalus (Desf.) Nyman, Carduus pycnocephalus L., Carduus cephalanthus Viv.) were analyzed and characterized by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS and PCR-RFLP of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS). Flavonoids and caffeoylquinic acid derivatives were the predominant classes of secondary metabolites characterizing the extracts. The ITS region was sequenced in parallel, and a PCR-RFLP method was applied with three selective restriction enzymes. Statistical analyses, on both chemical and biomolecular results, revealed that individuals clustered according to their taxonomic classification. The combination of the two techniques discriminates the four species within the genus, giving further information on these little-investigated plants, traditionally used in the Mediterranean area and in Sardinia.
100
Pt 1
822
831
www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/4/2/2/9/7/0
Caffeoylquinic acids; Carduus spp.; Flavonoids; HPLC-PDA-MS/MS; ITS sequence; PCR-RFLP; Food Science
Marengo, Arianna; Maxia, Andrea; Sanna, Cinzia; Bertea, Cinzia M.; Bicchi, Carlo; Ballero, Mauro; Cagliero, Cecilia; Rubiolo, Patrizia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1657772
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