AIM: To report on clinical outcomes of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy as per Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0529 protocol in anal cancer patients. METHODS: Clinical stage T1-T4 N0-N3 anal cancer patients were submitted to concomitant chemoradiation. Patients with cT2N0 disease were prescribed 50.4 Gy/28 fractions to the gross tumor planning target volume (PTV) and 42 Gy/28 fractions to the elective nodal PTV. Patients staged as cT3-T4/N0-N3 were given 54 Gy/30 fractions to the macroscopic anal PTV, while clinical nodes were prescribed 50.4 Gy/30 fractions if <3 cm or 54 Gy/30 fractions if ≥3 cm; elective nodal PTV was prescribed 45 Gy/30 fractions. Two cycles of concomitant 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C were planned for all patients. Oncological outcomes, acute and late toxicity profiles and pattern of failure were reported. RESULTS: The 3-year colostomy-free survival rate was 64% (95% CI 0.52-0.75). The 3-year local control, disease-free and overall survival rates were 69% (95% CI 0.57-0.79), 71% (95% CI 0.59-0.80) and 79% (95% CI 0.66-0.87), respectively. The cumulative incidence of colostomies was 15.1% (95% CI 8.15-23.88) at 24 months. The cumulative incidence of cancer-specific deaths was 16.4% (95% CI 8.60-26.47) at 36 months. Major acute toxicity consisted of hematological (G3-G4: 26%) and cutaneous (G3-G4: 16%) events. Only one case of ≥G3 late toxicity was documented. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous integrated boost IMRT and concurrent chemotherapy as per RTOG 0529 protocol seems to be safe and feasible with consistent oncological outcomes and a mild acute and late toxicity profile in anal cancer patients.

Image-guided IMRT with simultaneous integrated boost as per RTOG 0529 for the treatment of anal cancer

Arcadipane, Francesca;Franco, Pierfrancesco
;
Ceccarelli, Manuela;FURFARO, GABRIELLA;Trino, Elisabetta;Martini, Stefania;Iorio, Giuseppe Carlo;Mistrangelo, Massimiliano;Cassoni, Paola;Morino, Mario;Ricardi, Umberto
Last
2018

Abstract

AIM: To report on clinical outcomes of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy as per Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0529 protocol in anal cancer patients. METHODS: Clinical stage T1-T4 N0-N3 anal cancer patients were submitted to concomitant chemoradiation. Patients with cT2N0 disease were prescribed 50.4 Gy/28 fractions to the gross tumor planning target volume (PTV) and 42 Gy/28 fractions to the elective nodal PTV. Patients staged as cT3-T4/N0-N3 were given 54 Gy/30 fractions to the macroscopic anal PTV, while clinical nodes were prescribed 50.4 Gy/30 fractions if <3 cm or 54 Gy/30 fractions if ≥3 cm; elective nodal PTV was prescribed 45 Gy/30 fractions. Two cycles of concomitant 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C were planned for all patients. Oncological outcomes, acute and late toxicity profiles and pattern of failure were reported. RESULTS: The 3-year colostomy-free survival rate was 64% (95% CI 0.52-0.75). The 3-year local control, disease-free and overall survival rates were 69% (95% CI 0.57-0.79), 71% (95% CI 0.59-0.80) and 79% (95% CI 0.66-0.87), respectively. The cumulative incidence of colostomies was 15.1% (95% CI 8.15-23.88) at 24 months. The cumulative incidence of cancer-specific deaths was 16.4% (95% CI 8.60-26.47) at 36 months. Major acute toxicity consisted of hematological (G3-G4: 26%) and cutaneous (G3-G4: 16%) events. Only one case of ≥G3 late toxicity was documented. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous integrated boost IMRT and concurrent chemotherapy as per RTOG 0529 protocol seems to be safe and feasible with consistent oncological outcomes and a mild acute and late toxicity profile in anal cancer patients.
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217
223
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1743-7563
Anal cancer; IGRT; IMRT; SIB; Simultaneous integrated boost; Oncology
Arcadipane, Francesca; Franco, Pierfrancesco; Ceccarelli, Manuela; Furfaro, Gabriella; Rondi, Nadia; Trino, Elisabetta; Martini, Stefania; Iorio, Giuseppe Carlo; Mistrangelo, Massimiliano; Cassoni, Paola; Racca, Patrizia; Morino, Mario; Ricardi, Umberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1659365
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