Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is the most common extrahepatic manifestation of chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with the presence of symptoms in 10-15% of cases. There have been encouraging data regarding immunological and clinical responses in patients treated with the novel combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the role of ribavirin (RBV) in the treatment of MC has not yet been demonstrated. We prospectively enrolled 132 patients affected by MC and CHC, and virological, immunological and clinical responses were evaluated at 12 weeks after completion of treatment. All subjects were treated with interferon (IFN)-free regimens according to clinical guidelines, with or without RBV. All patients achieved a virological response. A complete immunological response (CR) was observed in 71 subjects (53.8%), a partial response in 44 (33.3%), and no response in 17 (12.8%). Ten patients showed a complete resolution of symptoms (7.6%), and 31 showed a significant improvement (23.5%). CR was significantly higher in patients taking RBV (71.1 vs. 44.8%, p < 0.001) and in treatment-naïve patients (62.5 vs. 43.3%, p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, duration of HCV infection of less than 20 years (OR 2.448; 95% IC 1.335-6.202; p = 0.019), treatment-naïve status (OR 2.885; 95% IC 1.404-9.660; p = 0.025) and the use of RBV (OR 6.961; 95% IC 3.912-26.885; p < 0.001) were predictors of CR. In MC patients, IFN-free regimens are effective and well tolerated, and RBV seems to significantly increase the immunological response and promote a decline in cryocrit.

Role of ribavirin in the treatment of hepatitis C virus-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia with interferon-free regimens

Boglione, Lucio
First
;
Cusato, Jessica;Pinna, Simone Mornese;De Nicolò, Amedeo;Di Perri, Giovanni;D'Avolio, Antonio
Last
2018

Abstract

Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is the most common extrahepatic manifestation of chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with the presence of symptoms in 10-15% of cases. There have been encouraging data regarding immunological and clinical responses in patients treated with the novel combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the role of ribavirin (RBV) in the treatment of MC has not yet been demonstrated. We prospectively enrolled 132 patients affected by MC and CHC, and virological, immunological and clinical responses were evaluated at 12 weeks after completion of treatment. All subjects were treated with interferon (IFN)-free regimens according to clinical guidelines, with or without RBV. All patients achieved a virological response. A complete immunological response (CR) was observed in 71 subjects (53.8%), a partial response in 44 (33.3%), and no response in 17 (12.8%). Ten patients showed a complete resolution of symptoms (7.6%), and 31 showed a significant improvement (23.5%). CR was significantly higher in patients taking RBV (71.1 vs. 44.8%, p < 0.001) and in treatment-naïve patients (62.5 vs. 43.3%, p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, duration of HCV infection of less than 20 years (OR 2.448; 95% IC 1.335-6.202; p = 0.019), treatment-naïve status (OR 2.885; 95% IC 1.404-9.660; p = 0.025) and the use of RBV (OR 6.961; 95% IC 3.912-26.885; p < 0.001) were predictors of CR. In MC patients, IFN-free regimens are effective and well tolerated, and RBV seems to significantly increase the immunological response and promote a decline in cryocrit.
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Boglione, Lucio; Cusato, Jessica; Simone Mornese, Pinna; De Nicolò, Amedeo; Cariti, Giuseppe; Di Perri, Giovanni; D'Avolio, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1661727
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