Peroxidase immobilization onto magnetic supports is considered an innovative strategy for the development of technologies that involves enzymes in wastewater treatment. In this work, magnetic biocatalysts were prepared by immobilization of soybean peroxidase (SBP) onto different silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The obtained magnetic biocatalysts were tested for the degradation of malachite green (MG), a pollutant often found in industrial wastewaters and with significant drawbacks for the human and environmental health. A deep physicochemical characterization of the materials was performed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), High Resolution-Transmission Electron Microscope (HR-TEM) and magnetization measurements among others techniques. Results showed high immobilization yield of SBP onto nanomaterials with excellent properties for magnetic recoverability. A partial loss of activity with respect to free SBP was observed, compatible with the modification of the conformational structure of the enzyme after immobilization. The structural modification depended on the amount (and thickness) of silica present in the hybrid materials and the activity yield of 43% was obtained for the best biocatalyst. Thermal stability and reusability capacity were also evaluated.

Soybean peroxidase immobilized onto silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: Effect of silica layer on the enzymatic activity

Laurenti, Enzo;Magnacca, Giuliana;
2018

Abstract

Peroxidase immobilization onto magnetic supports is considered an innovative strategy for the development of technologies that involves enzymes in wastewater treatment. In this work, magnetic biocatalysts were prepared by immobilization of soybean peroxidase (SBP) onto different silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The obtained magnetic biocatalysts were tested for the degradation of malachite green (MG), a pollutant often found in industrial wastewaters and with significant drawbacks for the human and environmental health. A deep physicochemical characterization of the materials was performed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), High Resolution-Transmission Electron Microscope (HR-TEM) and magnetization measurements among others techniques. Results showed high immobilization yield of SBP onto nanomaterials with excellent properties for magnetic recoverability. A partial loss of activity with respect to free SBP was observed, compatible with the modification of the conformational structure of the enzyme after immobilization. The structural modification depended on the amount (and thickness) of silica present in the hybrid materials and the activity yield of 43% was obtained for the best biocatalyst. Thermal stability and reusability capacity were also evaluated.
161
654
661
www.elsevier.com/locate/colsurfb
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927776517307841
Biocatalysts; Magnetic nanoparticles; Peroxidase; Wastewater treatment; Biotechnology; Surfaces and Interfaces; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Donadelli, Jorge A.; García Einschlag, Fernando S.; Laurenti, Enzo; Magnacca, Giuliana; Carlos, Luciano*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1662305
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