BACKGROUND: RNA interference (RNAi) techniques have emerged as powerful tools to develop novel management strategies for the control of insect pests. The leafhopper Euscelidius variegatus is a natural vector of chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma and a laboratory vector of Flavescence dorée phytoplasma. Phytoplasmas are insect-borne bacterial plant pathogens that cause economically relevant crop losses worldwide. RESULTS: In this study,we demonstrated thatmicroinjection of muscle actin and ATP synthase double-stranded (ds)RNAs into adult insects caused an exponential reduction in the expression of both genes, which began within 72 h of dsRNA administration andlasted for 14days, leading toalmost complete silencing of the targetgenes. Such silencingeffectsonmuscle actin expression appeared to be both time- and dose-dependent.Our results also showed that the knockdown of both genes caused a significant decrease in survival rates in comparison with green fluorescent protein (GFP) dsRNA-injected control insects. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of RNAi-based gene silencing in E. variegatus guarantees the availability of a powerful reverse genetic tool for the functional annotation of its genes and the identification of those potentially involved in the interaction with phytoplasmas. In addition, this study demonstrated that muscle actin and ATP synthase may represent candidate genes for RNAi-based control of E. variegatus.

RNA interference of muscle actin and ATP synthase beta increases mortality of the phytoplasma vector Euscelidius variegatus

Abbà, Simona;Galetto, Luciana;RIPAMONTI, MATTEO;Rossi, Marika;
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: RNA interference (RNAi) techniques have emerged as powerful tools to develop novel management strategies for the control of insect pests. The leafhopper Euscelidius variegatus is a natural vector of chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma and a laboratory vector of Flavescence dorée phytoplasma. Phytoplasmas are insect-borne bacterial plant pathogens that cause economically relevant crop losses worldwide. RESULTS: In this study,we demonstrated thatmicroinjection of muscle actin and ATP synthase double-stranded (ds)RNAs into adult insects caused an exponential reduction in the expression of both genes, which began within 72 h of dsRNA administration andlasted for 14days, leading toalmost complete silencing of the targetgenes. Such silencingeffectsonmuscle actin expression appeared to be both time- and dose-dependent.Our results also showed that the knockdown of both genes caused a significant decrease in survival rates in comparison with green fluorescent protein (GFP) dsRNA-injected control insects. CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of RNAi-based gene silencing in E. variegatus guarantees the availability of a powerful reverse genetic tool for the functional annotation of its genes and the identification of those potentially involved in the interaction with phytoplasmas. In addition, this study demonstrated that muscle actin and ATP synthase may represent candidate genes for RNAi-based control of E. variegatus.
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ATP synthase beta; Euscelidius variegatus; RNAi; actin; microinjection; phytoplasma
Abbà, Simona; Galetto, Luciana; Ripamonti, Matteo; Rossi, Marika; Marzachì, Cristina
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Abbà S, Galetto L, Ripamonti M, Rossi M, and Marzachi C (2018) RNA interference of muscle actin and ATP synthase beta increases mortality of the phytoplasma vector Euscelidius variegatus.pdf

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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1684919
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