This study evaluates the bioaccessibility (percentage of soluble compound available for absorption) of plant sterols (PS) and their oxides (phytosterol oxidation products, POPs) after simulated gastrointestinal digestion in fruit (Fb), milk (M) and fruit-based milk beverages with (FbMa) or without (FbMb) tangerine juice. In beverages and their bioaccessible fraction (BF), campesterol, campestanol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol and sitostanol were detected. Bioaccessibility of total PS ranged between 2.62 and 6.48%, FbMb yielding the highest value, followed by FbMa>Fb>M. Campesterol/campestanol were the most bioaccessible PS. Only oxides of β-sitosterol were detected in beverages and BF (7α-hydroxy, 7β-hydroxy, β-epoxy, α-epoxy, sitostanetriol and 7-ksitosterol). Bioaccessibility of total POPs ranged between 19.08 and 49.29%, sitostanetriol yielding the highest value. Bioaccessibility of POPs was higher than that of PS, suggesting different patterns of solubility for these compounds.

Effect of simulated gastrointestinal digestion on plant sterols and their oxides in enriched beverages

V. Cardenia;
2013-01-01

Abstract

This study evaluates the bioaccessibility (percentage of soluble compound available for absorption) of plant sterols (PS) and their oxides (phytosterol oxidation products, POPs) after simulated gastrointestinal digestion in fruit (Fb), milk (M) and fruit-based milk beverages with (FbMa) or without (FbMb) tangerine juice. In beverages and their bioaccessible fraction (BF), campesterol, campestanol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol and sitostanol were detected. Bioaccessibility of total PS ranged between 2.62 and 6.48%, FbMb yielding the highest value, followed by FbMa>Fb>M. Campesterol/campestanol were the most bioaccessible PS. Only oxides of β-sitosterol were detected in beverages and BF (7α-hydroxy, 7β-hydroxy, β-epoxy, α-epoxy, sitostanetriol and 7-ksitosterol). Bioaccessibility of total POPs ranged between 19.08 and 49.29%, sitostanetriol yielding the highest value. Bioaccessibility of POPs was higher than that of PS, suggesting different patterns of solubility for these compounds.
2013
52
1
7
PLANT STEROL; SIMULATED GASTROINTESTINAL DIGESTION; STEROL OXIDATION PRODUCTS; BEVERAGES
L. Alemany; A. Cilla; G. Garcia-Llatas; M.T. Rodriguez-Estrada; V. Cardenia; A. Alegria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1689383
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