This chapter is a survey on a sampling technique grown in parallel to gas chromatography since its early years, and that, nowadays, enjoys a remarkable renew of interest thanks to the new strategies of analysis introduced with the “omics” sciences and adopted in food (aroma) analysis, and the continuous evolution of technology (mainly, multidimensional separation techniques and mass spectrometry) and data elaboration. After the introductive sections concerning headspace definitions and history, the chapter describes the approaches to static headspace (S-HS) and dynamic headspace (D-HS), and to the high concentration capacity sampling techniques. These last are techniques bridging the two approaches S-HS to D-HS where the analytes are accumulated from a vapour or liquid phase on a stationary phase by sorption or adsorption. The next sections deal with quantitation with headspace sampling in both static and dynamic modes illustrating the approaches that can be adopted as a function of the physical status (liquid or solid) of the investigated matrix. The last section describes the use of headspace with non-separative methods, i.e. directly combined to mass spectrometry and chemometric elaboration without a preliminary chromatographic separation.

Chapter 1: Headspace sampling: An "evergreen" method in constant evolution to characterize food flavors through their volatile fraction

Liberto E.;Bicchi C.;Cagliero C.;Cordero C.;Rubiolo P.;Sgorbini B.
2020

Abstract

This chapter is a survey on a sampling technique grown in parallel to gas chromatography since its early years, and that, nowadays, enjoys a remarkable renew of interest thanks to the new strategies of analysis introduced with the “omics” sciences and adopted in food (aroma) analysis, and the continuous evolution of technology (mainly, multidimensional separation techniques and mass spectrometry) and data elaboration. After the introductive sections concerning headspace definitions and history, the chapter describes the approaches to static headspace (S-HS) and dynamic headspace (D-HS), and to the high concentration capacity sampling techniques. These last are techniques bridging the two approaches S-HS to D-HS where the analytes are accumulated from a vapour or liquid phase on a stationary phase by sorption or adsorption. The next sections deal with quantitation with headspace sampling in both static and dynamic modes illustrating the approaches that can be adopted as a function of the physical status (liquid or solid) of the investigated matrix. The last section describes the use of headspace with non-separative methods, i.e. directly combined to mass spectrometry and chemometric elaboration without a preliminary chromatographic separation.
Food Chemistry, Function and Analysis: Advanced Gas chromatography in food analysis
Royal Society of Chemistry
Food Chemistry, Function and Analysis
3
37
978-1-78801-127-3
pubs.rsc.org/en/content/ebook/978-1-78262-361-8#!divbookcontent
Headspace samplings, Headspace and volatile quantitation, Headspace: a tool for fingerprinting and profiling
Liberto E.; Bicchi C.; Cagliero C.; Cordero C.; Rubiolo P.; Sgorbini B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1718877
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