Heart disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT), which can be attributed to several factors but primarily develops in the setting of iron overload. This was a retrospective cohort study utilizing Webthal® patient data from five major centers across Italy. Patients without heart disease were followed-up for 10 years (2000–2010) and data were collected for demographics, splenectomy status, serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels, and comorbidities associated with heart disease. Among 379 patients analyzed (mean age 22.9 ± 5.1 years, 47.8% men), 44 (cumulative incidence: 11.6%) developed heart disease during the period of observation. Splenectomy (p = 0.002) and serum ferritin level (p < 0.001) were the only risk factors with significant association with heart disease. A serum ferritin threshold of ≥ 3000 ng/mL was the best predictor for the development of heart disease (86.4% sensitivity and 92.8% specificity, AUC: 0.912, 95% CI 0.852–0.971, p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, only a serum ferritin level ≥ 3000 ng/mL remained significantly and independently associated with increased risk of heart disease (HR: 44.85, 95% CI 18.85–106.74), with a 5- and 10-year heart disease-free survival of 58 and 39%. The association between iron overload and heart disease in patients with TDT is confirmed, yet a new serum ferritin level of 3000 ng/mL to flag increased risk is suggested.

Risk factors for heart disease in transfusion-dependent thalassemia: serum ferritin revisited

Piga A.;Longo F.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Heart disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT), which can be attributed to several factors but primarily develops in the setting of iron overload. This was a retrospective cohort study utilizing Webthal® patient data from five major centers across Italy. Patients without heart disease were followed-up for 10 years (2000–2010) and data were collected for demographics, splenectomy status, serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels, and comorbidities associated with heart disease. Among 379 patients analyzed (mean age 22.9 ± 5.1 years, 47.8% men), 44 (cumulative incidence: 11.6%) developed heart disease during the period of observation. Splenectomy (p = 0.002) and serum ferritin level (p < 0.001) were the only risk factors with significant association with heart disease. A serum ferritin threshold of ≥ 3000 ng/mL was the best predictor for the development of heart disease (86.4% sensitivity and 92.8% specificity, AUC: 0.912, 95% CI 0.852–0.971, p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, only a serum ferritin level ≥ 3000 ng/mL remained significantly and independently associated with increased risk of heart disease (HR: 44.85, 95% CI 18.85–106.74), with a 5- and 10-year heart disease-free survival of 58 and 39%. The association between iron overload and heart disease in patients with TDT is confirmed, yet a new serum ferritin level of 3000 ng/mL to flag increased risk is suggested.
2019
14
3
365
370
http://www.springer.com/italy/home?SGWID=6-102-70-173668106-0&amp;changeHeader=true
Heart disease; Iron overload; Serum ferritin; Thalassemia; Adolescent; Adult; Area Under Curve; Blood Transfusion; Chi-Square Distribution; Child; Cohort Studies; Female; Ferritins; Heart Diseases; Humans; Italy; Male; ROC Curve; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Survival Analysis; Thalassemia
Derchi G.; Dessi C.; Bina P.; Cappellini M.D.; Piga A.; Perrotta S.; Tartaglione I.; Giuditta M.; Longo F.; Origa R.; Quarta A.; Pinto V.; Forni G.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1731508
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